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Priority Communicable Diseases in South America Program

About the PCPCD

The Prevention and Control of Priority Communicable Diseases (PCPCD) Program, funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), aims to improve the health of vulnerable and hard to reach populations in four target countries in South America by integrating recognized global and regional strategies.  Projects have been implemented in Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru, interfacing Stop TB, Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI), Chagas disease, sexually transmitted infections and dengue prevention and control strategies with a gender equality cross cutting component and a continual focus on the sustainability of its achievements. 

The PCPCD was initiated in 2002 for an eight year period in the amount of $CAD 12 million.

Click on the target country flags to learn more about project actions:

See Prevention and Control of Priority Communicable Diseases (PCPCD) in a bigger size.

Description of the PCPCD

PAHO is working closely with national counterparts in each of the participating countries to achieve the following objectives:

Chagas Disease

To design and implement a surveillance system for Chagas disease with active community participation including schools in endemic areas of Paraguay; to strengthen vector control and community based surveillance in the Southern Region of Peru (Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna); and, to strengthen epidemiological and entomological surveillance of Chagas disease with community participation in the provinces of El Oro, Guayas, Loja and Manabi in Ecuador.


To promote the adoption of the Integrated Management Strategy for dengue prevention and control (PAHO Directing Council Resolution CD44.R9 2003) and the development of national integrated dengue plans in all participating countries. Support is also provided for the implementation of the clinical attention, surveillance (entomological and epidemiological) and social communication components of the Strategy (EGI-Dengue, available in Spanish).

Gender Equality

To promote gender awareness in communicable diseases among health professionals that includes gender sensitivity training, the collection and analysis of health data by sex and the integration of a gender approach in program planning and implementation in Ecuador and Paraguay.    

Integrated Health Program in the Paraguayan Chaco 

To address the health priorities of the indigenous and creole populations with an intercultural focus and make more effective use of limited human resources using a primary health care approach in the participating communities. 

Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)

To introduce changes in the academic curricula of health professions (nursing, medicine, public health) in target areas in order to include the principles of the IMCI strategy and improve primary health care services to reduce mortality from diseases and health problems in children under 5 years of age. 

Sexually Transmitted Infections

To strengthen the capacity to expand the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections in Paraguay, with special attention to gender issues and socioeconomic status.  The PCPCD actions are focused on syphilis and congenital syphilis and contribute to the national effort to eliminate congenital syphilis.  


To implement the Stop TB strategy for tuberculosis control among indigenous populations in Colombia using a community participation model.  Based on the health priorities of the populations, IMCI actions were incorporated in 2006 to develop an integrated TB/IMCI program for this population group.   


CHA.01.12 PCPCD Program

Recent Updates

Certification of the elimination of Chagas in Tacna, Peru

On 4 December 2009, the interruption of the vectorial transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi by Triatoma infestans was certified in Tacna, Peru. This was the culmination of three years of coordinated work between the Department of Health in Tacna, Ministry of Health and the PAHO office in Peru. Click here to view the certification document.

Opening of the Technical School in Boqueron, Paraguay 

  • In keeping with the PCPCD's commitment to indigenous and neglected populations the Program has provided support to the establishment of a technical institute of health in the Paraguayan Chaco to strengthen the local human resources. The school will train health professionals in tuberculosis, STI and maternal and child health with an intercultural perspective. Download a report on this project by clicking here.
Last Updated on Monday, 01 November 2010 09:43

PCPCD Google Map

Click on the map to explore the diverse components being implemented by the PCPCD Project. Each tab represents a project component in a distinct geographic location, and presents an example project indicator, a photograph from monitoring visit, among others. 

It is worth noting that many of these components, implemented at the community level, have been institutionalized into the national health systems of the countries. Therefore, the full impact of the Program is often broader and more substantial than that reflected in its geographic areas. 

(If you are involved in the PCPCD Project, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it   to edit the Google Map so that we can collaboratively develop a more thorough representation of the project.)

Last Updated on Thursday, 02 May 2013 09:40

Canadian International Development Agency. Inter-American Program

The Inter-American Program of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) contributes to the achievement of greater equity in the Americas by helping to fulfil commitments made at the Summit of the Americas in Québec City in April 2001 and in Argentina in November 2005.

Among other things, this Program supports initiatives to achieve better governance, improve health, promote gender equality, and strengthen the institutions of key partners, such as the Organization of American States (OAS) and its affiliated organizations, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), and members of the hemisphere's civil society.

Unlike traditional bilateral programs, which are characterized by ties between Canada and other countries, the Inter-American Program supports activities on a hemispheric scale that span several countries, and often several sub-regions of South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

Click here to learn more.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 12 October 2010 08:31

Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
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