From 10-12 September 2012, a Meeting of the Polio Laboratory
Network for the Region of the Americas
was held at the Malbran Institute in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The main objectives of the meeting were to: review the status of the Polio
Laboratory Network of the Americas;
review and discuss recent advances in virological and molecular methodologies
used in the Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN); and discuss issues relevant
to the functioning of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Laboratory
Network and the management of laboratories. Representatives of nine out of the
11 polio laboratories in the Region, as well as the United States Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO) and
PAHO’s Immunization Program participated in the meeting.
The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) met this week in Geneva, Switzerland. Among other topics relating to immunization, SAGE reviewed a detailed summary of the current status of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative and impact of the national emergency action plans in the remaining three endemic countries. For more on SAGE, please click here. For 2012 PAHO's Technical Advisory Group on Vaccine-preventable Diseases (TAG) recommendations, please click here.
Last Updated on Monday, 12 November 2012 17:01
The Region of the Americas recorded no cases of wild polio virus since
1992 thanks to the efforts of the countries of the region, and technical
cooperation of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health
Organization (PAHO/WHO), by vaccinating children and maintaining high
vaccination coverage and sustained surveillance.
Last Updated on Friday, 26 October 2012 09:45
There’s a lot to
celebrate this World Polio Day, 24 OctoberIn all but three countries of the world,
governments supported by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative have stopped
transmission of this crippling virus. This year, fewer children (171) have been
paralyzed by polio, in fewer parts of the world than ever before.
the launch of the GPEI’s Emergency Action Plan in May 2010, India – long thought
to be the hardest place from which to eradicate polio – has stopped polio
transmission. Polio now survives among the most marginalized communities of just
three countries: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan.
Polio eradication is
at a pivotal point, and the three countries and the partners supporting them are
all in emergency mode. A massive surge of human resources – over 4000 people –
has been deployed to assist the countries, but local ownership is at the heart
of these efforts:
- Traditional leaders take part in the selection of
vaccinators in Nigeria
- ‘Permanent’ polio vaccination teams operate in
insecure parts of Afghanistan to ensure children can be vaccinated regardless of
who controls the area
- The overall administration at a district-level in
Pakistan – not the health sector alone – is accountable for reaching every child
in the area with vaccine
- A single focal point, a polio ‘tsar’, reports on
the country’s progress to the head of state in all three countries.
2012, 398 million children have been vaccinated against polio. This week alone,
nearly 20 million children are being vaccinated, in eight countries in Africa
where children still face a high risk of polio paralysis.
eradicate polio would lead eventually to at least 200,000 children paralyzed
worldwide every year, and as recent outbreaks in polio-free areas such as
Tajikistan and China have shown, increasingly, adults have also been paralyzed,
and killed. Only eradication will ensure a polio-free world. And prove that
every child, everywhere, can be reached with life-saving vaccines.
draw attention to this once-in-a-generation opportunity, join the world’s
biggest commercial put together by Rotary International. And take
action: write to world leaders, download an action pack
Original source: The Global Polio Eradication Initiative
Last Updated on Wednesday, 24 October 2012 09:23
9 October 2012 marked 12 months since China’s
last polio case.
In 2011, polio from Pakistan had infected the country,
which had eradicated indigenous polio in 1994. China
conducted a model response, and successfully stopped the outbreak in record time
– three months from index to last case. For more on the outbreak response
implemented in China, please click here
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