March 2014 - WHO South-East Asia Region, home to a quarter of the world’s
population, was certified polio-free today by an independent commission under
the WHO certification process.
This is the fourth of six WHO Regions to be
certified (The Region of the Americas was certified in 1994), marking an
important step towards global polio eradication. With this step, 80% of the
world’s population now lives in certified polio-free regions.
Adapted from: WHO
SEARO/WHO press release: http://bit.ly/PolioHL14-12
PAHO urges countries to classify their 2013 AFP cases.
Last Updated on Friday, 07 February 2014 15:52
Wild poliovirus has not been found in India since 13 January
2011 meaning that, from that date, India is no longer a country where
polio is endemic. Three years of being polio free is a notable milestone
for the country as a whole, but the success of the immunization and
awareness campaign has had a wider impact – with this achievement, it is
hoped that soon the entire South-East Asia Region can be considered
certifiably free from polio. A commission of experts will meet at the
World Health Organization offices at the end of March to analyze the
data and determine the polio status for the Region.
Historically, India has been the largest endemic reservoir of
polio in the world with between 50 000 to 100 000 paralytic polio cases
occurring each year between 1978 and 1995. It has also been one of the
main sources of polio importation for other countries. This achievement
has been driven by the partnership between the Government of India,
international organizations, local NGOs and other institutions. An
extraordinary mobilization of health workers was necessary to reach this
point, particularly in the Uttar Pradesh and Bihar states. The outcome
of this has been an improved vaccine delivery system, better trained
health staff and high quality surveillance, monitoring and research
This does not mean that the virus cannot reemerge within any
of the countries or the Region. There is no room for complacency with
ongoing polio vaccination work. High immunity levels must continue in
order to protect those in the Region and as newer, more comprehensive
interventions are developed, these too need to be rolled out.
Furthermore, whilst no new cases of wild polio have been recorded
recently, the disease in different forms can be brought in to the Region
via those who have contracted it in other parts of the world and then
travel to South-East Asia.
Original article: http://www.searo.who.int/mediacentre/features/2014/sea-polio/en/index.html
In 2012, the Nigerian government activated an emergency operations center and implemented a national emergency action plan to eradicate polio. The 2013 revision of this plan prioritized
1) improving quality of supplemental immunization activities (SIAs),
2) implementing strategies to reach underserved populations,
3) adopting special approaches in security-compromised areas,
4) improving outbreak response,
5) enhancing routine immunization and activities implemented between SIAs, and
6) strengthening surveillance.
This report summarizes polio eradication activities in Nigeria during January 2012–September 2013 and updates previous reports.
Source: MMWR Weekly December 13, 2013 / 62(49); 1009-1013.
Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6249a5.htm
The draft strategic plan for outbreak response in the
Middle East is now available online at the following link:
Source: Global Polio Eradication Initiative www.polioeradication.org
Last Updated on Friday, 13 December 2013 12:17
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