Skip to content

Polio Highlight

India records one year without polio cases

India appears to have interrupted wild poliovirus transmission, today completing one year without polio since its last case, in a 2-year-old girl in the state of West Bengal, on 13 January 2011
Read more here:

Source: WHO - News release, January 12, 2012

News on Polio Eradication from Pakistan

In Pakistan, His Excellency Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani has announced sweeping changes to address the drastic rise in new polio cases in 2011. At a meeting of the National Task Force on Polio Eradication chaired by the Prime Minister, a strengthened and reinvigorated National Emergency Action Plan was launched. As a first step, the Prime Minister announced the appointment of Ms Shahnaz Wazir Ali as the Prime Minister's Focal Person for Polio. Ms Wazir Ali has already had a long and successful public service career, being Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Social Sector and member of the national assembly of Pakistan. Her appointment as the Prime Minister's Focal Person for Polio was widely applauded by partner agencies at country, regional and global levels.

The Prime Minister clearly underlined that activities and accountability needed to be tracked and monitored at the provincial level. To this effect, the Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), the Governor of KP, the Chief Minister of Sindh and Balochistan's Provincial Minister for Law all provided clear assurances that their offices would provide greater oversight to rapidly improve polio operations. Senior officials will be appointed by the Chief Ministers and the Governor of KP for each province and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Chief Ministers and the Governor of KP will personally review the latest epidemiology on a monthly basis and take corrective measures as necessary. Primary focus is on ensuring full accountability of district and Union-Council level staff.


Last Updated on Friday, 02 December 2011 07:10


Executive summary below; full text is at:

1. Every country with persistent polio transmission, with the exception of India and Angola, has had more cases so far in 2011 than they had by the same time last year. Chad, Afghanistan and DR Congo have already exceeded their entire 2010 total.

2. The rate of occurrence of new outbreaks serves as an ongoing reminder that many countries in the world are under threat from the ease with which polio could be imported across their borders.

3. The 2010-12 Strategic Plan set out four intermediate milestones. Just two are on track. One is highly unlikely to be attained within the planned timeframe. One has missed its deadline and remains elusive.

4. The GPEI is not on track to interrupt polio transmission by the end of 2012 as it planned to. Indeed, unless the fundamental problems highlighted in this report can be addressed, there is a substantial risk that stopping transmission will take far longer than the 15 months that remain between now and the end of 2012.

5. Polio eradication could still be achieved by the end of 2012 if the weaknesses of the Program at both country and global level can be swiftly corrected, and if political commitment and financial support for the GPEI can be bolstered.

6. This report assesses progress in each of the countries with persistent transmission. With the exception of India, none of the endemic countries is making progress at the rate it needs to:

• India has a good chance of interrupting transmission this year

• Afghanistan’s program is strongly managed and innovative, but is still unable to reach one-third of children in 13 high-risk districts

• Nigeria has slipped back on progress made in 2010; it needs to demonstrably regain the commitment of political and traditional leaders

• Pakistan has made little tangible advance over the last 18 months; a fundamental strategy review is needed.

7. Having missed their end-2010 goal, the three countries with re-established transmission are now showing some progress, though the end is not in sight for any of them yet:

• Angola is making good progress, but Luanda remains a real vulnerability

• Chad now has the technical capacity that it desperately needed, and must now deploy this to good effect

• Indicators in DR Congo remain off-target but are moving in the right direction; the potential for election-related disruption is of great concern.

8. The surprises of unexpected outbreaks continue to undermine confidence in the Program. China had been free of polio for a decade until its current outbreak. The detection of a case in Kenya is particularly alarming, because it represents a failure to deal with long-standing transmission between Kenya and Uganda since 2009. The Horn of Africa remains at particular risk of further outbreaks.

9. In addition to our country-specific findings, we describe five problems that run as common threads through the global Program, reducing its chances of success. They relate to culture and approach. Tackling each will require challenging introspection for the Program, but will produce great gains. The style and approach to management of the global Program needs reorientation.

10. Our view remains that polio eradication needs to be treated as a global health emergency. It needs more funding, and broader, more engaged global political commitment – particularly from non-affected countries.

The challenge remains great, but the other option is to allow this terrible disease to resurge.


Polio Funding News

Over US$100 million was pledged for polio eradication at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting on 29 October. Australia led the charge with AUS$ 50 million over four years in new funding, joined by Canada, Nigeria and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

For more information visit

Source: WHO

Last Updated on Thursday, 03 November 2011 08:42

Update on the polio situation in China

One new case was reported in the past week, bringing the total number of cases for 2011 to 18 (all WPV1). The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 18 September (from Kashgar, in Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region). Following three SNIDs conducted in September and October (targeting varying age groups), an additional campaign is planned for 12-16 November, using domestically-produced monovalent OPV type 1. Depending on the area, the age range of the activity will cover persons aged 0-39 years.

Source: WHO

<< Start < Prev 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Next > End >>

Page 15 of 22

Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

© Pan American Health Organization. All rights reserved.