"Bancroftian” filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti is the only type of lymphatic filariasis present in
the Americas. The infection is transmitted by infected mosquitoes and is
associated with acute and chronic symptoms that can lead to disfigurement and
consequently to social exclusion and stigma. Measures are being taken to
eliminate lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem from the Americas,
and the mainstay of the strategy is mass drug administration of two
anthelminthic drugs, diethylcarbamazine and albendazole, to all individuals
living in endemic areas.