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Data Dictionary dropdown information:

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    Displays country for the event

    • ANI   Animal      
    • CHE  Chemical
    • FOO  Food Safety
    • INF  Infectious
    • NAT  Natural Disaster
    • PRD  Product
    • RAD  Radionuclear
    • UND  Undetermined

 

    • Unknown and unspecified causes of morbidity and mortality
    • Acute Haemorrhagic Fever Syndrome
    • Acute Respiratory Syndrome
    • Acute Gastrointestinal Syndrome, unspecified
    • Acute Juandice Syndrome
    • Acute Neurological Syndrome, unspecified
    • Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP)
    • Acute Watery Diarrhoeal Syndrome
    • Acute Febrile Syndrome
    • Acute Fever and Rash Syndrome
    • Cholinergic Syndrome
    • Anticholinergic Syndrome

 

      Displays the disease/condition for the event

      Displays the aetology for the event

 

    • Closed: the event is no longer being monitored.
    • Current: the event is ongoing.
    • Pending: the event management team is waiting for additional information before closing or publishing this event in a public website.

 

    • Substantiated: the presence of a hazard has been confirmed and / or human cases are occurring clearly in excess of normal expectancy. 
    • Discarded: the incoming intelligence is proven false. 
    • No outbreak: the number of human cases reported are within normal limits of occurrence (i.e. background rate of disease)
    • Unverifiable: no information is received from the NFP / responsible national authority. WHO is unable to properly assess the event.

    • IHR NFP
    • IHR NFP Third party (i.e. when a third-party IHR NFP reports an event in another country)
    • National Governmental agency - not IHR NFP (including National Health authority if not the IHR NFP, other ministries, food/product safety authority, etc.)
    • Foreign govt agency (i.e. third-party report from a govt agency that is not the IHR NFP for that country e.g. diplomatic staff, military, etc.).
    • WHO
    • UN Agency other than WHO
    • NGO
    • Laboratory (such as collaborating laboratories, national and international reference laboratories, and laboratory networks)
    • News media (include all news media, GPHIN, and ProMED)
    • Personal Communication = confidential report
    • Other

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 May 2013 17:09

SYNDROME full information:

Name

Application

Unknown and unspecified causes of morbidity and mortality

Two or more cases of undiagnosed disease, not specified as to the site or system involved (e.g. "mystery illness"). To be used as a classification of last resort when there is insufficient detail to use any other syndrome.

Acute Haemorrhagic Fever Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology in which there is acute onset of fever in a severely ill patient and any of the following:

  • haemorrhagic or purpuric rash
  • epistaxis (nose bleeds)
  • haematemesis (vomiting blood)
  • haemoptysis (coughing up blood)
  • blood in the stools
  • other haemorrhagic symptoms (e.g. subconjunctival haemorrhages, bleeding gums)
  • no known predisposing host factors for haemorrhagic manifestations

Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology in which the respiratory system is primarily affected. Influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory infection (ARI) are symptom complexes included in this category.

Acute Gastrointestinal Syndrome, unspecified

Human disease of undetermined aetiology in which the gastrointestinal system is primarily affected. Acute gastroenteritis (nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea) is included in this category. Excludes acute watery diarrhoea and acute bloody diarrhoea.

Acute Jaundice Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by jaundice.

Acute Neurological Syndrome, unspecified

Human disease of undetermined aetiology in which the nervous system is primarily affected. To be used when the description of symptoms/signs is insufficient to localise to central or peripheral nervous system, or AFP.

Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP)

Any child under 15 years of age with acute onset of flaccid paralysis in one or more limbs or acute onset of bulbar paralysis, or any person of any age with paralytic illness if polio is suspected. AFP is caused by wild and vaccine-acquired poliomyelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, transverse myelitis or traumatic paralysis.

Acute Watery Diarrhoeal Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by acute watery diarrhoea. Profuse painless "rice-water stools" typically caused by toxigenic strains of V. cholerae.

Acute Febrile Syndrome

Two or more cases of human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by high fever (higher than 38.3°C if measured).

Acute Bloody Diarrhoeal Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by acute diarrhoea with visible blood in the stool.

Acute Fever and Rash Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by acute fever and (usually) diffuse rash.

Cholinergic Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by muscle fasciculation, muscle weakness, agitation, confusion, lachrymation, excessive sweating and salivation, incontinence and bronchoconstriction.

Anticholinergic Syndrome

Human disease of undetermined aetiology which is characterised by fever, tachycardia, agitation, delirium, hallucinations, dilated pupils, dry mouth, rigidity and seizures.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 May 2013 17:00

Source Type

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  • IHR NFP
  • IHR NFP Third party (i.e. when a third-party IHR NFP reports an event in another country)
  • National Governmental agency - not IHR NFP (including National Health authority if not the IHR NFP, other ministries, food/product safety authority, etc.)
  • Foreign govt agency (i.e. third-party report from a govt agency that is not the IHR NFP for that country e.g. diplomatic staff, military, etc.).
  • WHO
  • UN Agency other than WHO
  • NGO
  • Laboratory (such as collaborating laboratories, national and international reference laboratories, and laboratory networks)
  • News media (include all news media, GPHIN, and ProMED)
  • Personal Communication = confidential report
  • Other
Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 May 2013 17:00

HAZARD full information:

Hazards

Animal      
Chemical
Food Safety
Infectious
Natural Disaster
Product
Radionuclear
Undetermined

Hazard

 ID Hazard Name

Definition

Application

ANI

Animal

The potential harm to public health from zoonoses.

Animal hazard to include outbreaks in animals with the potential to cause harm to human health but where no human cases have been identified (e.g. HPAI).

CHE

Chemical

The potential harm to public health from the toxic effects of chemical substances chiefly non-medical as to source.

Chemical hazard to include poisoning and/or the release of a chemical from its containment leading to its dispersion in the environment (including toxic effects of fires).

FOO

Food Safety

The potential harm to public health from the toxic effects of food (poisoning or injury).

Food hazard to include events leading to a product recall with or without human cases of infection/illness (e.g. natural toxins, toxic fungi, cyanogenic glycosides, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, ciguatoxin, herbal medicines containing plant alkaloids, foreign bodies in food, toxic chemicals in food, etc.). Food is defined as any substance intended for human consumption. Excludes cosmetics, tobacco or substances used only as drugs.

INF

Infectious

The potential harm to public health from an infectious disease.

Infectious hazard to include the public health consequence of infectious disease outbreaks.

NAT

Natural Disaster

The potential harm to public health from a natural disaster.

Natural disaster hazard category is specifically applied to infectious disease outbreaks that are a consequence of a natural disaster.

PRD

Product

The potential harm to public health from contaminated or faulty therapeutic goods including medicines, blood products, tissues and organs, medical devices, diagnostic tests and devices, etc. Includes poisonings due to mislabelling of therapeutic goods.

Product hazard to include events leading to a product recall with or without human cases of infection/illness.

RAD

Radionuclear

The potential harm to public health from the toxic effects of ionising radiation.

Radionuclear hazard to include poisonings and/or the release of a radionuclear substance from its containment leading to its dispersion in the environment.

UND

Undetermined

The potential harm to public health from an undetermined hazard.

Use this category only when cases of human illness of unknown aetiology are reported.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 May 2013 17:00

Designation

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  • Substantiated: the presence of a hazard has been confirmed and / or human cases are occurring clearly in excess of normal expectancy.
  • Discarded: the incoming intelligence is proven false. 
  • No outbreak: the number of human cases reported are within normal limits of occurrence (i.e. background rate of disease)
  • Unverifiable: no information is received from the NFP / responsible national authority. WHO is unable to properly assess the event.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 May 2013 17:01
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