Declarations, Principles and Standards (Non-binding instruments)
On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights the full text of which appears in the following pages. Following this historic act the Assembly called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and "to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories."
Sixty-first session - Resolution adopted by the General Assembly
Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities [A/RES/48/96] General Assembly
The UN Principles aim to ensure that priority attention will be given to the situation of older persons. The UN Principles address the independence, participation, care, self-fulfillment and dignity of older persons.
The world population is ageing at a steady, quite spectacular rate. The total number of persons aged 60 and above rose from 200 million in 1950 to 400 million in 1982 and is projected to reach 600 million in the year 2001 and 1.2 billion by the year 2025, at which time over 70 per cent of them will be living in what are today's developing countries. The number of people aged 80 and above has grown and continues to grow even more dramatically, going from 13 million in 1950 to over 50 million today and projected to increase to 137 million in 2025. This is the fastest growing population group in the world, projected to increase by a factor of 10 between 1950 and 2025, compared with a factor of six for the group aged 60 and above and a factor of little more than three for the total population.
Human rights promotion and protection is central to the response to HIV/AIDS. Denying the rights of people living with HIV, and those affected by the epidemic, imperils not only their well-being, but life itself. Across the globe more than 40 million people live with HIV, half of whom are women, and half the new infections are occurring in young people under 25. Many millions more are affected. Twenty-one years since the first reported case of AIDS, the truth is only just dawning that we are still in the early stages of the epidemic. Developing a response that is robust, enduring and, above all, effective, is more vital than ever before.
The central importance of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in relation to the human rights of persons with disabilities has frequently been underlined by the international community 1/ . Thus a 1992 review by the Secretary-General of the implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons and the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons concluded that "disability is closely linked to economic and social factors" and that "conditions of living in large parts of the world are so desperate that the provision of basic needs for all - food, water, shelter, health protection and education - must form the cornerstone of national programmes" 2/ . Even in countries which have a relatively high standard of living, persons with disabilities are very often denied the opportunity to enjoy the full range of economic, social and cultural rights recognized in the Covenant.
The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, at its 15th session held in Geneva from 18 November to 6 December 1996, concluded its consideration of a draft Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights granting the right of individuals or groups to submit communications (complaints) concerning non-compliance with the Covenant. The elaboration of the draft optional protocol was recommended by the World Conference on Human Rights.
The HIV/AIDS epidemics have drastically changed the world in which children live. Millions of children have been infected and have died and many more are gravely affected as HIV spreads through their families and communities. The epidemics impact on the daily life on younger children, and increase the victimization and marginalization of children especially on those living in particularly difficult circumstances. HIV/AIDS is not a problem of some countries but of the entire world. To truly bring it’s impact on children under control will require concerted and well-targeted efforts from all countries at all stages of development.
d) Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health
These Principles shall be applied without discrimination of any kind such as on grounds of disability, race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, legal or social status, age, property or birth.