The interagency field handbook was developed to set out effective malaria control responses in humanitarian emergencies, particularly during the acute phase when reliance on international humanitarian assistance is greatest. This second edition represents a thorough updating and revision of the first edition. The structure remains similar, but includes an additional chapter on humanitarian coordination.
Esta estrategia se justifica dada la variedad de escenarios eco-epidemiológicos en los que ocurre la transmisión de malaria en la región de las Américas, lo que determina diferencias en la dinámica de transmisión y de los condicionantes de la efectividad de las acciones de control vectorial, y constituye un reto para la planificación costo - efectiva de intervenciones. La Estrategia promueve por lo tanto priorizar los recursos disponibles para realizar intervenciones con calidad y sostenibilidad en las localidades – focos que determinan la mayor carga de enfermedad – concentración de casos, implementar procesos de análisis para la adecuada selección de las intervenciones y evaluar su efectividad e impacto.
This Training module on malaria control: Entomology and vector control has been developed to improve the knowledge and skills of entomologists and vector control staff as well as of managers/senior health officers involved in malaria vector control at programme level. It is designed to provide guidance on relevant aspects of malaria entomology and vector control including identification and sampling of malaria vectors, incrimination of malaria vectors, selection between different vector control options, and monitoring and management of insecticide resistance.
This Training module on malaria control: Case management has been developed by WHO to improve the knowledge and skills of both health professionals involved in planning malaria case management as part of control and elimination programmes and clinicians managing malaria patients.
Malaria continues to be a major global health problem, with over 40% of the world’s population—more than 3.3 billion people—at risk for malaria to varying degrees in countries with on-going transmission. In addition, with modern, rapid means of travel, large numbers of people from nonmalarious areas are being infected, which may seriously affect them after they have returned home.
The World Malaria Report 2012 summarizes information received from 104 malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2011 report. It highlights the progress made towards the global malaria targets set for 2015 and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination.
The World Health Organization estimates that half the world’s population is at risk of malaria, with an estimated 216 million people (range 149–274 million) developing clinical malaria in 2010 (81% in Africa), and 655,000 deaths (range 537,000–907,000) due to malaria (91% in Africa, most being children).
On World Malaria Day 2012, WHO hails global progress in combating malaria but highlights the need to further reinforce the fight. The Global Malaria Programme’s new initiative, T3: Test. Treat. Track, urges malaria-endemic countries and donors to move towards universal access to diagnostic testing and antimalarial treatment, and to build stronger malaria surveillance systems.
Reports of the WHOPES Working Group Meetings and the WHOPES publication Pesticides and their application for control of vectors and pests of public health importance should be consulted for guidance on use and recommendations.
Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization