Pan American Health Organization | Organización Panamericana de la Salud

Skip to content



Highlights

Latest News

Population Groups

Causas principales de defunción en mujeres en edad fertil

2012-05-08 10:41:18

Causas principales de defunción en mujeres en edad fertil

Tres causas principales de defunción en mujeres de edad fertil en la Región de las Américas en el 2008
1)
2)
3)

:: Visualización interactiva | Data  

Leading causes of deaths reflects those most frequent causes of death in a population. It is a useful analytical tool to identify health interventions to reduce mortality and improve population health.

This interactive data visualization presents leading causes of death for the Region of the Americas using the tabular list published by Becker R et al. at the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2006. Data is presented using a bar chart with a rank of causes of deaths and filters by year, age groups, and countries which allows displaying leading causes of deaths for the whole region and specific population groups. 

Data source of this interactive visualization is the PAHO Regional Mortality System, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).  


RELATED CONTENT

:: Mortality and causes of death
:: Causes of death by ICD-10 Chapters
:: Leading causes of death
:: Broad causes of death 

Classifications
:: Family of International Classifications
:: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10)
:: Family of International Classification Network

 

Read more
 

About Diabetes

2012-04-27 14:06:37

About Diabetes

 

  • What is diabetes?

About DiabetesDiabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose (hyperglycemia). It is associated with an absolute or relative deficiency in the secretion and/or action of insulin.

There are three main forms of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common, accounting for approximately 85% to 90% of all cases. It is related to modifiable risk factors such as obesity or overweight, physical inactivity, and high-calorie diets of low nutritional value.

Intermediate hyperglycemia, is characterized by the presence of prediabetes in conjunction with one other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor (hypertension, upper body obesity or dyslipidemia)

  • Who is affected?

Recent estimates reveal that among Latin American and Caribbean countries, the highest prevalence of diabetes has been reported in Belize (12.4%) and Mexico (10.7%) with rates of 8% to 10% in Managua, Guatemala City, and Bogota. The most recent data from the United States reported a prevalence of diabetes of 9.3% while it was 15.7% along the US-Mexico border.

The burden of diabetes to an individual and to society is chiefly associated with increased disability and premature mortality due to complications. Diabetes complications and premature mortality are believed to be exacerbated by poor quality of care. In addition, the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease (CVD) is between two and three times higher among people with diabetes versus those without.

In a clinical study involving six Latin American countries, it was found that after 20 years of living with diabetes, the frequency of chronic complications was: 48% for retinopathy, 6.7% for blindness, 42% for neuropathy, 1.5% for kidney damage, 6.7% for myocardial infraction (heart attack), 3.3% for stroke and 7.3% for lower limb amputations.

Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus, Overweight (BMI ≥25) and obesity (BMI≥30) by gender in selected countries

About DiabetesSome population groups are at greater risk for complications than others. For example, studies in Barbados demonstrated a high incidence of lower limb amputations (936 per 100,000) and a higher prevalence of retinopathy among blacks (28.5% of black diabetics).

While diabetes and its complications are largely preventable, lack of access to quality health care services and lack of knowledge of preventive measures are widespread.

  • What are the costs of the diabetes?

The cost of health care for people affected by diabetes is between two and three times higher than their peers without diabetes. In 2000, the cost of diabetes in the Region was estimated at US$ 65.2 billion, of which $10.7 billion were direct costs and $54.5 billion, indirect costs. In 2006, the cost of diabetes in some countries was reported between 0.4% and 2.3% of GDP.

Sub Region/Country
Year
Age
Years
Prevalence (%)
DM
Overweight
BMI = 25
Obesity
BMI = 30
North America    
Canada
2003
18+
15.1
USA
2001/4
20+
9.3
66.3
32.2
Mexico Border, Hispanics
2002
18+
14.7
Mexico Border, Whites
2002
18+
8.8
Caribbean
Port au Prince, Haiti
2002
20+
7.3
27.75
16.11
Mexico
Mexico
2000
20-69
10.7
62.0
24%
US Border
2002
18+
16.6
Central America
Belize
2006
20+
12.9
66.3
33.8
Costa Rica
2009-10
San Jose, Costa Rica
2005
20+
8.8
59.2
24.1
San Salvador, El Salvador
2004
20+
7.6
62.0
23.7
Guatemala City, Guatemala
2003
20+
7.3
65.4
21.8
Tegucigalpa, Honduras
2004
20+
5.4
54.2
19.3
Managua, Nicaragua
2004
20+
9.8
66.7
29.1
South America
Central Argentina, Argentina
82004
20+
6.9
25.0
Barquisimeto, Venezuela
82008
25-64
6.0
25.1
Bogota, Colombia
82008
25-64
8.1
18.0
Buenos Aires, Argentina
82008
25-64
6.2
19.7
Chile
2010
20+
9.4
64.5
25.1
Lima, Peru
82008
25-64
4.4
22.3
Quito, Ecuador
82008
25-64
5.9
16.3
Santiago, Chile
82008
25-64
7.2
26.6
Read more
 

Causas principales de defunción en adultos mayores de 60 y más años

2012-04-10 21:24:05

Causas principales de defunción en Adultos mayores

Esta visualización interactiva permite detereminar y explorarar las causas principales de defunción en el grupo de población de 60 años y más. 

 

:: Interactive visualization | Data 


Las cinco causas principales de defunción de los adultos mayores durante el año 2008 en la Región de las Américas fueron:

  1. Enfermedades Isquémicas del Corazón     12%
  2. Enfermedades Cerebrovasculares             10%
  3. Diabetes mellitus                                     6%
  4. Influenza y neumonía                               5%
  5. Enf. crónicas de las vías respiratorias inf.   5%

Leading causes of death is an analytical tool to identify health interventions to reduce mortality and improve population health.

This interactive data visualization shows leading causes of death for the population of 60 years old and over in the Region of the Americas. It is based on tabular list published by Becker R et al. at the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2006.

Data is presented using a bar chart with a rank of causes of deaths and filters by year, sex, age groups, and countries which allows displaying leading causes of deaths for the whole region and specific population groups. In the case of years, a slider allows us to display leading causes of deaths by an specific year.

The source of this interactive visualization is the PAHO Regional Mortality System, Pan American Health Organization.  


RELATED CONTENT

:: Portal de Salud y Envejecimiento en las Américas
:: Observatorio de Envejecimiento y Salud
:: Envejecimiento y ciclo de vida (Organización Mundial de la Salud) [solo en Inglés]

Mortality
::
Mortality and causes of death
:: Causes of death by ICD-10 Chapters
:: Leading causes of death
:: Broad causes of death 

Classifications
:: Family of International Classifications
:: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10)
:: Family of International Classification Network

 

Read more
 

PAHO Director Presents Annual Report at OAS

2012-03-20 12:15:33

PAHO Director Dr. Mirta Roses presented her annual report for 2011 to the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) on March 20. The report details PAHO member countries’ progress toward the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and describes the contributions of PAHO’s technical cooperation in these areas. 

Read more
 
PAHO Campaigns
PAHO Foundation
Publications portal

Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

© Pan American Health Organization. All rights reserved.