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eHealth Components

Some components of eHealth are:

  • Electronic medical records (or electronic health record): a real-time longitudinal electronic record of an individual patient’s health information that can assist health professionals with decision-making and treatment.
     
  • teleHealth (including telemedicine): this involves the delivery of health services using ICTs, specifically where distance is a barrier to health care.
     
  • mHealth (or health through the use of mobile devices): a term for medical and public health practice supported by mobile devices, such as mobile phones, patient monitoring devices, and other wireless devices.
     
  • eLearning (including distance education or learning): the use of ICTs for learning. It can be used to improve the quality of education, to increase access to education, and to make new and innovative forms of education available to more people.
     
  • Continuing education in information and communication technologies: the provision of courses or programs (not necessarily formally accredited) for health professionals that helps them to develop information and communication technology skills for application in health. This includes current methods for sharing scientific knowledge, such as e-publication, open access, digital literacy, and the use of social networks.
     
  • Standardization and interoperability: the term “interoperability” refers to communication between different technologies and software applications for the efficient, accurate, and sound sharing and use of data. This requires the use of standards− that is, rules, regulations, guidelines, or definitions with technical specification to make the integrated management of health systems viable at all levels.
 

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