Follow us

PAHO and the MDGs

“The Millennium Goals call for action that is intersectorial, integrated, and focused on equity.” - Dr. Mirta Roses-Periago, Director, Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization
 

MDGs approach

PAHO is a key contributor to the effort towards the attainment of the MDGs in the countries of the Americas. The Organization’s vision on the MDGs was approved by member countries during the 45th Session of the Directing Council in September 2004, and led to an official resolution calling for countries and PAHO to use the MDGs as a guide for national and international efforts towards better health for the peoples of the Region.

By nature, in order to be achieved, the MDGs require focalized actions targeting society’s most vulnerable groups, and coordinated efforts towards poverty reduction, and the improvement of health, education, gender equity, and the environment. In other words, it is necessary to have a synergistic approach in order to successfully reduce extreme poverty and its consequences to health. Therefore, the MDGs require coherent public policies that strengthen intersectoriality and that are directed to the populations most in need.

The Goals are also based on the notion that the citizens of the World should be awarded economic, social, and cultural rights, among which is the right to health. In that regard, social protection for health was recognized as a key element for national progress. The countries of the Region are committed to broadening prevention, care, and promoting strategies, with a particular focus on the most vulnerable segments of society, thus taking on the challenge, and the commitment, to ensure social cohesion to its peoples. Furthermore, given the interconnectedness of the Goals, it is impossible to advance towards the achievement of the MDGs without the creation of strategies based on the analysis of the social determinants of health, and the establishment of policies requiring the participation of a multiplicity of sectors in unison. The social determinants of health pertain to the specific characteristics of the social context as well as the ways in which social conditions affect health and how these can be modified through informed action. They must be analyzed bearing in mind the historical and structural factors that have placed women and ethnic minorities at a disadvantage. They also require the attentive study and consideration of geography, ethnicity, race and generational groups.

Principles

PAHO's work on the MDGs relies on a general conceptual framework based on the following principles:

Equity – By nature, in order to be achieved, the MDGs require focalized actions targeting society's most vulnerable groups, and coordinated efforts towards poverty reduction, and the improvement of health, education, gender equity, and the environment through inter-sector efforts. In other words, it is necessary to have a synergistic approach in order to successfully reduce extreme poverty and avoid its consequences on public health. Therefore, the MDGs require coherent public policies that strengthen inter-sectoriality and that are directed to the populations most in need.

Right to Health – The MDGs are based on the notion that the citizens of the world should be awarded economic, social, and cultural rights, including the right to health. This vision reflects the political agreement entrenched in the "Protocol of San Salvador" of the Inter-American Convention on Human Rights, area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.  Signed in San Salvador, El Salvador during the eighteenth regular session of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States on November 17, 1988, the protocol regards the social protection of health as a key element for national progress.

Social Cohesion – The countries of the Region are committed to broaden prevention, care, and promotion strategies, with a particular focus on the most vulnerable segments of society, thus taking on the challenge, and the commitment, to ensure social cohesion of its peoples.

Social Determinants of Health – Furthermore, given the interconnectedness of the goals, it is impossible to advance towards the achievement of the MDGs without the creation of strategies based on the analysis of the social determinants of health, and the establishment of policies requiring the participation of a multiplicity of sectors in unison. The social determinants of health pertain to the specific characteristics of the social context as well as the ways in which social conditions affect health and how these can be modified through informed  action. They must be analyzed bearing in mind the historical and structural factors that have placed women and ethnic minorities at a disadvantage. They also require the attentive study and consideration of geography, ethnicity, race and generational groups.

PAHO Efforts

PAHO is a key partner in the effort towards the attainment of the MDGs in the Americas. The Organization's vision on the MDGs was approved by member countries during the 45th Session of the Directing Council in September 2004, and led to an official resolution calling for countries and PAHO to use the MDGs as a guide for national and international efforts towards a better health for the peoples of the region.

The following are examples of PAHO efforts in action:

PAHO Helps Surinam with Flood Recovery: May 2006   <<<More
PAHO Assists U.N. Panflu Eforts: August 2006 <<<More
PAHO Awards for Tobacco Control: August 2006 <<<More
New Child Growth Standards: August 2006 <<<More
Experts Urged to Weight the Costs and Benefits of New Vaccines for Latin America and the Caribbean: September 2006 <<<More
Global Plan to Stop TB: 2006 <<<More

Core Health Data

Through the Regional Core Health Data system , PAHO participates in another essential aspect of the MDGs, their monitoring, by collecting, centralizing, and distributing health and socioeconomic data on the countries and territories of the Region.

The Core Health Data system consists of a basic set of data collected annually that make it possible to characterize the health situation and trends in the countries of the Region of the Americas . These have been collected by PAHO since 1995.

 

Events

<<  March 13  >>
 Mo  Tu  We  Th  Fr  Sa  Su 
      1  2  3
  4  5  6  7  8  910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031

Regional Office of the World Health Organization
525 Twenty-third Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, United States of America
Tel.: +1 (202) 974-3000 Fax: +1 (202) 974-3663

© 2007 World Health Organization. All rights reserved © 2010 Pan American Health Organization - Organización Panamericana de la Salud