|About PAHO - PAHO in the Caribbean|
|Office of the CPC|
|Previous Caribbean Program Coordinators|
|PAHO in the Caribbean|
|Partners in Caribbean Health|
|Technical Cooperatioon Programs|
There is a long history of PAHO involvement in the Caribbean, since Zone Offices were created in 1951 before any of the territories had gained their independence. The Zone I office in Caracas, Venezuela, had the responsibility for technical cooperation with the Caribbean Territories.
In the 1960s, as the countries became independent and formally joined PAHO as sovereign states, the role of the Zone Offices changed. In this post-independence era the first English-speaking Caribbean country to join PAHO was Jamaica on August 23, 1962. Other countries gained membership with the organization in the following order:
|Date of Membership||Country|
|1963||September 20||Trinidad & Tobago|
|1964||October 8||The Bahamas|
|1980||September 22||St. Lucia|
|September 21||Saint Vincent & the Grenadines|
|1982||September 20||Antigua & Barbuda|
|1984||September 24||Saint Kitts & Nevis|
As the role of the Zone Offices changed Country Offices were created, each headed by a Representative of the Director. In 1975 the Zone Offices were designated Area Offices but Caracas still retained responsibility for much of the technical cooperation in the English-speaking Caribbean sub-region.
In 1978 the Office of Caribbean Program Coordination was established in Barbados in recognition of the commonality of health problems in the sub-region. This similarity of health systems originated in the common historical development and the long standing tradition of collaboration in health among these countries. Many of the resources were transferred from Caracas.
At this time, in addition to the Office of Caribbean Program Coordination, the English-speaking Caribbean is served by Country Offices headed by PAHO/WHO Representatives (PWRs) in the:
The Dutch Islands are served through the Office in Venezuela and other non English-speaking Caribbean countries are served through Offices in Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. PAHO has Centers in which scientific and technical resources are concentrated to support the needs of all the countries. Two (2) of these PAHO Centers are located in the Caribbean:
These centers are also supported by the CARICOM member countries. Together with the Office of CPC, the centers provide a unique network of sub-regional programs for the Caribbean.
All countries have access to all PAHO resources located at the Regional level, in other Country Offices and in other PAHO Centers through their designated PAHO/WHO Representative. Other PAHO Centers are:
|BIREME||Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information, Brazil|
|CEPIS||Pan American Center for Sanitary Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Peru|
|CLAP||Latin American Center for Perinatology and Human Development, Uruguay|
|INCAP||Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala|
|INPPAZ||Pan American Institute for Food Protection and Zoonoses, Argentina|
|PANAFTOSA||Pan American Foot-and-Mouth Disease Center, Brazil|
|PAHEF||Pan American Health and Education Foundation, Washington, D.C|
PAHO can also mobilize resources from selected national Centers of Excellence with which it has Collaborative Agreements. These are known as WHO or PAHO Collaborating Centers. There are three such centers in the Caribbean;
See also PAHO-WHO: www.paho.org
Dayrells Rd & Navy Garden, Christ Church, Barbados
Tel: 001-246 434-5200 Fax: 001-246 436-9779
© Pan American Health Organization. All rights reserved.