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The Eastern Republic of Uruguay is a representative democracy; public officials stand for office every five years. The country is divided into 19 departments. The country has a population of 3,356,584.  The literacy rate is 98.3%, which is among the highest in the Americas. It also has a high Human Development Index and is ranked number 48 in the world.  Its Gini coefficient is lower than a number of Latin American countries at 42.4.  Uruguay is also one of the countries in the Americas with the longest life expectancy at birth and lowest infant and maternal mortality rates.  In 2002, Uruguay faced one of the most serious economic and financial crises of its history. The poverty rate increased from 15.3% in 2001 to 32.1% in 2004.

Among the total population, the leading causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system
(33.0%), followed by malignant neoplasms (23.5%) and external causes (5.7%, especially traffic accidents). Accordingly, health problems among the young in Uruguay are consistent with those of developing countries, while those affecting the older population are similar to trends in the developed countries.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 10 April 2012 17:02

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