Millennium Development Goals in Perspective
In 2000, during the United Nations Millennium Summit, heads of state and government, ministers and heads of delegations from 189 countries committed themselves to the goal of liberating hundreds of millions of men, women and children from conditions of dehumanizing poverty.
These commitments inspired the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of 2000. Five years later, the group of United Nations agencies working in the America’s Region published the report The Millennium Development Goals: A Latin American and Caribbean Perspective. This document, coordinated by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), predicted that, from the perspective of health and development, achieving the MDGs in the PAHO Region would require intensified efforts focused on the following areas:
1) Reducing Inequity: Respond to the specific inequalities of the most vulnerable groups and municipalities.
2) Work at the Local Level: Locally address the impact of social and economic determinants of health, particularly in communities with the greatest risks and levels of neglect.
3) Promote Primary Health Care and Health Promotion: Foster social participation, so that members of the community can identify and recognize their problems and become direct participants in the management of solutions for all.
4) Intersectoral Work: Coordinate among diverse institutions and sectors to integrate policies and programs, linking national and local authorities.
5) Foster Interagency and External Cooperation: Agencies of the United Nations and Inter-American systems must work together to advance the MDGs, prioritizing the most vulnerable groups.
Regional Office of the World Health Organization