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The United Mexican States is a representative Democratic Republic with 31 states and a Federal District.  The population in 2010 was 113,423, 047.  Mexico is experiencing a demographic transition and has a complex epidemiological profile characterized by the growth of noncommunicable diseases, accident rates and unhealthy lifestyles.  The historical inequities and income concentration have led to inequities in access to basic services, opportunities, and social participation continue.  The poorer states are located in the country’s southern region and have the highest concentration of rural and indigenous population groups and the highest disease prevalence and mortality rates for preventable causes  It’s Human Development Index ranks Mexico 57th worldwide.  The Gini index is 51.7.

Overall, general mortality, infant mortality and maternal mortality have been falling.  Communicable diseases are also exhibiting a downward trend.  There were 3,406 cases of malaria in 2004 and the prevalence of tuberculosis has declined in recent years, with the directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) coverage reaching 100% in 2005.

Last Updated on Thursday, 19 April 2012 11:50