Guyana

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Guyana is a democratic republic on the northern coast of South America that is culturally part of the Anglophone Caribbean.  At 215,000 square kilometers, Guyana is the third-smallest independent state on the mainland of South America.  In 2010, the population of Guyana was 754,493.  Its Human Development score was 0.633 in 2011, giving it a ranking of 117, and putting it well below the Latin America and Caribbean average of 0.731.  The 2005 GDP per capita was $2,943 in constant international dollars.  The main economic activities in Guyana are agriculture (production of rice and Demerara sugar), bauxite mining, gold mining, timber, shrimp fishing and minerals.  Guyana has had problems in recent years with a particularly high suicide rate.  It is recognized as a serious public health issue in Guyana.  In its steady march towards the achievement of the Millennium development Goals, Guyana has made significant advances in its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty, combat HIV/AIDS and achieve environmental sustainability. The attainment of the health -related MDGs such as reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and reducing the levels of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria still faces some major challenges. In addition the epidemiological transition towards noncommunicable diseases now accounting for very high burden of mortality and morbidity combined with the presence of unrelenting communicable diseases present considerable challenges to achieving better health outcomes for the population.


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Last Updated on Tuesday, 10 April 2012 16:59