Puerto Rico

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Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean.  Its population in 2010 was 3,978,702.  Puerto Rico is made up of municipios, or counties (the island is divided into 78 municipios), with each municipio having an urban or semiurban nucleus (city, town, or village) and may include both urban and rural areas. Tourism is an important component of Puerto Rican economy.  The Puerto Rican economy has undergone important structural changes as a result of modernization processes. The industrialization of the economy, which began in the 1960s, led to the displacement of agriculture as the principal sector of the economy. As a result, employment opportunities shifted from rural to urban and coastal areas. The most notable characteristic of labor market participation in Puerto Rico is the low rate of participation by men, a chronic problem that has existed for decades and the rate has continued to trend downward. The rate of participation for the population as a whole fell from 47.3% in 1990 to 40.7% in 2000. The decline was greater among men (from 58.4% to 48.5%) than among women (37.2% to 33.7%). The 2000 census indicated that one out of five people in the workforce was unemployed, with a higher rate among women than among men. The southern region has the highest unemployment (27%) and the San Juan metropolitan region has the lowest (14.2%).

Heart disease remains the leading cause of death at present; however, the number of deaths from this cause has shown a marked decline over the years, with the majority of diseases of the heart having been reduced considerably. Deaths from heart disease are concentrated mainly in the elderly population. The second leading cause of death is malignant neoplasms, followed by diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases, and Alzheimer’s disease. Chronic pulmonary disease, hypertensive diseases, all external causes, pneumonia and influenza, and nephritis and nephrosis complete the list of the 10 leading causes of death.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 24 April 2012 10:54