I. TURISMO Y DESARROLLO
II. SALUD Y TURISMO EN EL CONTEXTO DE LAS ORIENTACIONES ESTRATÉGICAS Y PROGRAMÁTICAS PARA 1999-2002
Consideraciones inmediatas para la salud
Enfermedades transmisibles y zoonosis
Agua y saneamiento
Servicios de salud
III. ACTIVIDADES REALIZADAS POR LA OPS DURANTE 1992-1997
1. Enfermedades transmisibles y zoonosis
2. Investigación y formación de personal
3. Promoción de la salud
4. Agua saneamiento y manejo de desechos
5. Servicios de salud
V. PROPUESTA DE COOPERACIÓN TÉCNICA
Enlace y promoción de proyectos
Divulgación y enseñanza
PAHO began working on the health implications of tourism during the last decade. Several initiatives were conducted by PAHO, mainly as they referred to the protection of the health of individuals while they traveled abroad for recreational purposes. Recently the scope of health and tourism has broadened. Host countries are not only concerned with assuring a healthy environment to visitors, but also needing to provide health services in cases of illness or accidents tourists might suffer while in their territories. This presents challenges that may be strenuous for the national health systems for which some consideration when defining policies aimed at interrelating health and tourism objectives is required. In addition, attention must be placed on the potential risks of tourism for the health of the host population, and to the impact tourism may have for the population’s access to health care. From this new scope, the author began analyzing the subject in January of 2000. The steps related to the project have been two-fold: research for a book on international tourism and preparation of a justification paper for an international conference on health and tourism. Both of these steps were taken in collaboration between PAHO and the George Washington University School of Public Health.
In the context of the evolution of tourism in the Americas during the period 1992-1997, the attached document reiterates its importance for health and the reciprocal relationship between the two sectors, while presenting an account of the main activities carried out by PAHO in compliance with Resolution CE109.R10 of the 109th Executive Committee, approved at the eighth plenary session on 25 June 1992.
Although the description of the activities carried out is framed within the strategic and programmatic orientations of PAHO/WHO established by the Governing Bodies for the quadrennium 1995-1998, it should be noted that, given the novelty and complexity of the topic, the responsibility for the work was delegated to the Interprogrammatic Group on Health and Tourism.
The second part of the document summarizes the evolution of the well-known links between health and tourism and the opportunities that this linkage provides for action to reduce the gaps in equity. The document concludes by suggesting several lines of action for future technical cooperation. The Subcommittee is requested to analyze the topic of health and tourism and suggest lines of action that will strengthen intersectoral activities to introduce a health perspective into public policies on tourism, as well as, to prepare the health sector to respond to the new challenges that tourism will pose in the 21st Century.