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Economic Costs of Diseases and Disabilities Attributable to Environmental Contaminants in Washington
Air contamination/pollution and health, Cancer, Maternal and Child Health, Toxic substances and health

This study estimates the economic costs associated with several diseases and disabilities
attributable to environmental contaminants in Washington State, including asthma,
cardiovascular disease, cancer, lead exposure, birth defects, and neurobehavioral effects. The
estimates are based on ‘cost of illness’ estimates that include direct health care costs and
indirect costs, such as those associated with morbidity and premature mortality. The
estimates are also based on an ‘environmentally attributable fraction’ model that estimates
the proportions of each disease or disability that can conservatively be attributed to exposure
to environmental contaminants.

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