Emergency and disaster situations can lead to an increase in psychosocial problems and mental disorders. The horror experienced, the losses suffered, the uncertainty, and other numerous stressors related to a traumatic event put people at higher risk of suffering from and being affected by mental health issues. Psychosocial support consists not only in health service provision, but also involves broad support (including family and community support). These diverse kinds of support require coordination, in which health services must play a central role.
The community mental health model- which respects local traditions and cultural diversity and addresses the necessities of the most vulnerable groups- must be the platform for all emergency interventions. The aim is to promote and protect the mental health of the population, and to contribute to the recovery of daily life. This document presents technical guidelines, based on the evidence, for the planning and implementation of psychosocial and mental health interventions in emergency and disaster situations.
Download the PDF: pdf Guía técnica de salud mental en situaciones de desastres y emergencias .