Hurricane Irma and Maria October 2017

Hurricane Irma, a Category 5 Hurricane with record-breaking wind speed in the Atlantic, impacted several Caribbean Islands including Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten, Turks and Caicos and the US Virgin Islands that were in its path after making landfall on September 5, 2017. Two weeks later, another Category 5 Hurricane, Maria, brought further devastation to the Caribbean Islands, adding Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Puerto Rico to the list of heavily impacted islands. PAHO has activated its Incident Management System and is coordinating health cluster activities in the most seriously-affected islands that have requested international support.

According to the information obtained on October 20, 2017, the impact of these hurricanes ranged from moderate impact of wind and rain in some islands to major loss of infrastructure and livelihoods in others. According to initial assessment of infrastructure damage, Antigua & Barbuda, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten had an average of above 85% of total destruction from Hurricane Irma whereas Anguilla and the Bahamas were less affected with a destruction average of buildings and infrastructure at 30%.

The country that was most affected by hurricane Maria was Dominica, with over 90% of the island infrastructure destroyed and critically damaged water, electricity and communication services. Its death rate is currently at 37 deaths per 100,000 followed by Saint Martin with a rate of 28 and Anguilla with 27 per 100,000 respectively. The highest total mortality count has been in Puerto Rico with 45 deaths, followed by Dominica with 27 and Saint Martin and Cuba, both with a total of 10 deaths. 

PAHO is providing humanitarian assistance to affected countries in the Caribbean region in alignment to the WHO Global Emergency Response Framework, the UN-OCHA Caribbean Regional Disaster Response Plan, and PAHO's Health Emergency Response Operational Plan. 

PAHO's response priority activities during this emergency include: Regional Response Teams assisting with health damage and needs assessment, restoring healthcare delivery capacity and access to health services in the most affected areas, increasing epidemiological surveillance to support early detection and management of disease outbreaks, ensuring access to safe water, emergency sanitation measures and vector control, and lastly supporting efficient coordination of humanitarian assistance and management of information. PAHO's response is made possible through the emergency appeal to the Department of International Development (UK) and FID and the UN-OCHA Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).


Situation Report - Huracan Maria 

Situation Report - Huracan Irma and Maria

Situation Reports - Huracan Irma

Other Resources

Other agencies or goverments



November 2016 - Tropical Storm Otto (11/22/2016)

October 2016 - PAHO Mobilized Staff for Hurricane Matthew Response (10/05/2016)

August 2016 - Hurricane Earl struck Belize and Mexico  (08/11/2016)

February 2016 - WHO announces a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (02/05/2016)

October 2015 - Hurricane Patricia made Landfall in Mexico  (10/23/2015)

April 2013 - Intense Rains Cause Severe Damage in the Region (04/05/2013)

August 2012 - Tropical Storm Isaac (08/24/2012)

October 2011 - Floods in Central America (10/18/2011)

October 2010 - The Cholera Epidemic Maintains its Hold in Haiti (10/21/2010)

September 2010 - Heavy Rains and Landslides Affect Guatemala (09/08/2010)

Earthquake in Chile - February 2010 (02/27/2010)

Earthquake in Haiti - January 2010 (01/13/2010)

Hurricane Ida - November 2009 (11/09/2009)

Pandemic (H1N1) - 2009 (04/29/2009)

2008 Hurricane Season (09/29/2008)

Tropical Storms of 2008 (06/08/2008)

Tropical Storm Olga - December 2007 (12/13/2007)

Tropical Storm Noel - October/November 2007 (10/28/2007)

Hurricane Felix - September 2007 (09/05/2007)

Hurricane Dean in the Caribbean and Mexico - August 2007 (08/16/2007)

Earthquake in Peru - August 2007 (08/15/2007)

Methanol Poisoning in Leon, Nicaragua - September 2006 (09/17/2006)

Volcano Tungurahua - August 2006 (08/15/2006)

Floods in Suriname - May 2006 (05/09/2006)

Floods in Bolivia - January/February 2006 (01/30/2006)

Hurricane Wilma - October 2005 (10/24/2005)

Hurricane Stan Affects Central America - October 2005 (10/06/2005)

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita - August 2005 (08/28/2005)

Hurricane Jeanne - September 2004 (09/17/2004)

Hurricane Ivan - September 2004 (09/08/2004)

Hurricane Frances - August/September 2004 (08/31/2004)

Torrential Rains and Flooding in the Dominican Republic and Haiti - May 2004 (05/20/2004)