Hurricane Irma, a Category 5 Hurricane with record-breaking wind speed in the Atlantic, impacted several Caribbean Islands including Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten, Turks and Caicos and the US Virgin Islands that were in its path after making landfall on September 5, 2017. Two weeks later, another Category 5 Hurricane, Maria, brought further devastation to the Caribbean Islands, adding Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Puerto Rico to the list of heavily impacted islands. PAHO has activated its Incident Management System and is coordinating health cluster activities in the most seriously-affected islands that have requested international support.
According to the information obtained on October 20, 2017, the impact of these hurricanes ranged from moderate impact of wind and rain in some islands to major loss of infrastructure and livelihoods in others. According to initial assessment of infrastructure damage, Antigua & Barbuda, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten had an average of above 85% of total destruction from Hurricane Irma whereas Anguilla and the Bahamas were less affected with a destruction average of buildings and infrastructure at 30%.
The country that was most affected by hurricane Maria was Dominica, with over 90% of the island infrastructure destroyed and critically damaged water, electricity and communication services. Its death rate is currently at 37 deaths per 100,000 followed by Saint Martin with a rate of 28 and Anguilla with 27 per 100,000 respectively. The highest total mortality count has been in Puerto Rico with 45 deaths, followed by Dominica with 27 and Saint Martin and Cuba, both with a total of 10 deaths.
PAHO is providing humanitarian assistance to affected countries in the Caribbean region in alignment to the WHO Global Emergency Response Framework, the UN-OCHA Caribbean Regional Disaster Response Plan, and PAHO's Health Emergency Response Operational Plan.
PAHO's response priority activities during this emergency include: Regional Response Teams assisting with health damage and needs assessment, restoring healthcare delivery capacity and access to health services in the most affected areas, increasing epidemiological surveillance to support early detection and management of disease outbreaks, ensuring access to safe water, emergency sanitation measures and vector control, and lastly supporting efficient coordination of humanitarian assistance and management of information. PAHO's response is made possible through the emergency appeal to the Department of International Development (UK) and FID and the UN-OCHA Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).
Situation Report - Huracan Maria
Situation Report - Huracan Irma and Maria
Situation Reports - Huracan Irma
- pdf Report #7 (9/20/2017)
- pdf Report #6 (9/18/2017)
- pdf Report #5 (9/15/2017)
- pdf Report #4 (9/13/2017)
- pdf Report #3 (9/11/2017)
- pdf Report #2 (9/10/2017)
- pdf Report #1 (9/7/2017)
- pdf Hurricane Update - 8 September 2017
- Visit here the Natural Hazards in the Americas Map
- Be a Better Donor: Practical Recommendations for Humanitarian Aid
- PAHO photo Album
Other agencies or goverments
- Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)
- U.S Florida Division of Emergency
- The leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. ReliefWeb
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs