This guide seeks to orient implementation of Zika virus disease surveillance. It is based on the experience acquired in the current epidemic in the Region of the Americas. The document provides a general, though not exhaustive, guide to surveillance activities. Each country will need to adapt it to its own capacities, epidemiological situation, and health system. The guide also includes a brief clinical description of the disease, its neurological manifestations, and congenital Zika virus syndrome, based on available information, with a view to correctly reporting suspected cases. Case definitions and laboratory detection and diagnosis procedures are proposed.
This publication is a compilation of information on the existing surveillance systems for respiratory viruses in the countries of the Region of the Americas. It is an updated version of the 2014 publication entitled “Influenza and other respiratory virus surveillance systems in the Americas, 2014.”
The 2016-2017 version has two sections: Regional Analysis, and Country Analyses. The regional section includes regional data, maps showing the existing capacities in the Region, and the frequency with which data are reported to FluID and FluNet. The country-specific section includes epidemiological surveillance information and laboratory information.
The guide for evaluators, used to determine the hospital safety index, provides a step by step explanation of how to use the checklist, and explains how the evaluation can be used to classify structural and nonstructural safety, and a hospital’s emergency and disaster management capacity. The results of the evaluation can be used to calculate a facility’s hospital safety index. The hospital safety index can be applied not only individually, but also collectively, either to a network of public or private hospitals or to an administrative or geographical area.
This document was developed in response to the expressed desire of the Member States of the Pan American Health Organization to improve their health emergency and disaster response preparedness. This is in accordance with the general objectives of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 and with the commitment of the PAHO Member States to applying, implementing, and meeting the International Health Regulations (IHR).
This document was developed as resource for the Member States in addressing the migration-related challenges facing public health and health systems, including health promotion and the protection of migrants throughout the migratory process. It also is designed to help integrate the health needs of migrants in national policies, strategies, and programs in order to protect not only the health of this population, but also the health of the receiving population.
This report, which covers the period from December 2015 to December 2016, describes the response of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO is the Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization) to the Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas, and describes some of the achievements made during this period.