A distinction must be made between physiology and biology related to sex and the roles and responsibilities in society imposed and adopted according to beliefs about gender.
To effectively monitor and assess progress toward gender equality in health, strategies, programs, and action plans need to be supported by defined and appropriate indicators. To fulfill this objective, PAHO, in its continuing commitment to foster gender equality and the reduction of related inequities, presents this conceptual framework and indicators to monitor gender equality in health in the Region of the Americas.
The indicators, which have been agreed with experts from the Region and beyond, are organized in four dimensions and are fully consistent with PAHO’s Gender Equality Policy; the Strategy for Universal Access to Health and Universal Health Coverage; the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals; and the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health; among others. It is essential to know how the conceptual framework is grounded in practical approaches, facilitating countries’ progress toward the development and monitoring gender inequalities and inequities in health, and fostering knowledge and evidence for action.
The document stresses that “a distinction must be made between the biological and physiological nature of sex, and the roles and responsibilities in society imposed and adopted according to gender beliefs.” It is aimed at staff of ministries of health, national mechanisms for the advancement of women/gender equality, planning offices, academia, PAHO/WHO staff, and other stakeholders.