Target 3.6 Reduce deaths and the trauma caused by road accidents



Mandates and strategies

  • PAHO Regional Meeting on Alcohol, Drugs, and Driving. (Washington, DC. 5-7 May 2016) In response to this call for action, PAHO organized a technical meeting with researchers from various countries in the Americas, and WHO and PAHO staff, to 1) review research on drink- and drug-driving carried out in the Americas (particularly LAC countries), and determine research gaps; 2) discuss the types of studies that could be carried out in LAC countries in future; and 3) review the feasibility of undertaking one or more studies using a common protocol.


Scientific articles

  • Prevalence of active transportation among adults in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review of population-based studies To describe the prevalence of "active" (self-propelled, human-powered) transportation in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region over the past decade. Methods. MEDLINE, Excerpta Medica (Embase), SportDiscus, Lilacs, MediCarib, Web of Science, OVID, CINAHL, Scopus, Google Scholar, National Transportation Library, and TRIS/TRID were searched for articles on active transportation published between January 2003 and December 2014 with (at least) a title and abstract in English, Portuguese, or Spanish. Research was included in the study if the two reviewing authors agreed it 1) was conducted in an adult sample (? 18 years old), 2) was designed to be representative of any LAC area, and 3) reported at least one measure of active transportation.


Technical documents

  •  Road traffic injuries in the Region of the Americas kill some 154,089 people each year, representing 12% of the road traffic deaths worldwide. The road traffic death rate for the Region as a whole is 15.9 per 100,000 population, lower than the global rate of 17.4. However, this regional rate masks wide variations from country to country. Pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists (considered to be vulnerable road users) make up 45% of road traffic deaths in the Region. 
  •  Road traffic injuries in the Region of the Americas accounted for approximately 150,000 deaths in 2010. In the Americas, road traffic injuries are the second leading cause of death for people ages 15 to 24. Deaths and injuries from traffic crashes have an immeasurable impact on families and communities throughout the Americas. Vulnerable road users-pedestrians, motorcyclists, and cyclists-are the most frequent victims of traffic fatalities in all of the Americas' subregions but North America, where automobile occupants are the predominant group.