The main form of person-to-person transmission of Ebola virus disease (EVD) is direct or indirect contact with blood or body fluids.

Transmission to health workers can occur when infection prevention and control measures are not properly implemented.

It important for health workers to consistently take standard precautions with all patients—regardless of their diagnosis—at all times in their work. Applying direct contact precautions is recommended when treating a suspected or confirmed Ebola case. See: Steps to put on personal protective equipment (PPE) and Steps to remove personal protective equipment (PPE).

pdf Questions and Answers Infection Prevention and Control—Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)