The main form of person-to-person transmission of Ebola virus disease (EVD) is direct or indirect contact with blood or body fluids.
Transmission to health workers can occur when infection prevention and control measures are not properly implemented.
It important for health workers to consistently take standard precautions with all patients—regardless of their diagnosis—at all times in their work. Applying direct contact precautions is recommended when treating a suspected or confirmed Ebola case. See: Steps to put on personal protective equipment (PPE) and Steps to remove personal protective equipment (PPE).
- Infection prevention and control guidance for care of patients in health-care settings, with focus on Ebola
- Five moments for hand hygiene
- Management of waste from injection activities at district level
- Technical tools on injection safety
- Waste from health-care activities
- Ebola: Technical guidance documents for medical staff
- US CDC - Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients with Known or Suspected Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals
- US CDC - Guidance for Safe Handling of Human Remains of Ebola Patients in U. S. Hospitals and Mortuaries
- US CDC - Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus