This policy reflects PAHO's unwavering commitment to the principles of equity, respect for human rights, and the exercise of citizenship, in addition to its determination to actively participate in global efforts to eliminate all forms of gender discrimination. It is also an expression of the institutional resolve to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of public health practice in the Americas.
The goal of this policy is to contribute to the achievement of gender equality in health status and health development through research, policies, and programs which give due attention to gender differences in health and its determinants, and actively promote equality between women and men.
- PAHO/WHO's Gender Equality Policy in PDF.
Gender equality in health means that women and men have equal conditions for realizing their full rights and potential to be healthy, contribute to health development, and benefit from the results. Achieving gender equality will require specific measures designed to eliminate gender inequities.
Gender equity means fairness and justice in the distribution of benefits, power, resources, and responsibilities between women and men. The concept recognizes that women and men have different needs, access to, and control over resources, and that these differences should be addressed in a manner that rectifies the imbalance between the sexes. Gender inequity in health refers to those inequalities between women and men in health status, health care, and health work participation, which are unjust, unnecessary, and avoidable. Gender equity strategies are used to eventually attain equality. Equity is the means, equality is the result.
Empowerment is about women and men taking control over their lives: being able to perceive alternatives, make choices, and fulfill those choices. It is both a process and an outcome, and it is collective and individual. Women's empowerment is essential to achieving gender equality. Outsiders cannot empower women, only women can empower themselves. However, institutions can support empowering processes both at the individual and collective levels.
Diversity in the approach means recognizing that women-and men-do not constitute homogeneous groups. Women's and men's diversity with respect to age, socioeconomic status, education, ethnicity and culture, sexual orientation, ability, and geographical location must be taken into account whenever issues of gender and health are addressed.
Gender mainstreaming is "… the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies, or programs, in any area and at all levels. It is a strategy for making women's as well as men's concerns and experiences an integral dimension in the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of policies and programs in all political, economic, and social spheres, such that inequality between men and women is not perpetuated. The ultimate goal is to achieve gender equality". A mainstreaming strategy may include affirmative initiatives directed towards either women or men.
- A Facilitator's Guide: Workshop on Gender, Health and Development
- A Gender-based Analysis of HIV/AIDS in Belize
- A Guide for the Analysis and Monitoring of Gender Equity in Health Policies
- A Policy Dialogue on Better Evidence to Improve Women's Health through Gender and Health Statistics
- Alcohol, Gender, Culture and Harms in the Americas
- Annotated Bibliography of Gender Mainstreaming Resources
- Basic Indicators for Gender Equity Analysis in Health
- Basic Indicators for the Analysis of Gender Equity in Health
- Domestic Violence: Women's Way Out
- Gender Equality in Health: Improving Equality and Gender Efficiency in Achieving Health for All
- Gender Mainstreaming in Health: A Practical Guide
- Gender, Equity, and Indigenous Women's Health in the Americas
- Gender, Health and Development in the Americas - Basic Indicators 2003
- Gender, Health and Development in the Americas - Basic Indicators 2005
- Gender, Health and Development in the Americas - Basic Indicators 2007
- Gender, Health and Development in the Americas - Basic Indicators 2009
- Gender, Health and Development in the Americas - Basic Indicators 2011
- Gender, Sexuality and HIV Factsheet
- Guidelines for Developing a Population-Based Gender and Health Profile
- Guidelines for Gender-Based Analysis of Health Data for Decision Making
- Health of Women and Men in the Americas - Profile 2009
- Health Situation in the Americas. Basic Indicators 2008
- Health Situation in the Americas. Basic Indicators 2009
- IASC Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings
- Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes in the health sector: Tool to improve responsiveness to women's needs
- Monitoring PAHO's Gender Equality Plan of Action: Interim Report 2009-2011
- PAHO Gender Equality Policy
- PAHO Gender Workshop Participant's Manual - Identifying Gender Issues in Health
- PAHO Plan of Action for Implementing the Gender Equality Policy
- Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women - Taking action and generating evidence
- The Invisible Economy and Gender Inequalities: The Importance of Measuring and Valuing Unpaid Work
- The Multiple Faces Between HIV and Violence Against Women
- The UNGASS, Gender and Women's Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Unpaid Health Care Work: An Indicator of Equity (complementary reading)
- Violance Against Women - Advocacy Package
- Violence Against Women in the Americas - A violation of human rights and an international public health problem
- Violence Against Women: The Health Sector Responds