• Report on Strengthening Research Capacities for Health in the Caribbean, 2007-2017

    Pan American Health Organization. Report on Strengthening Research Capacities for Health in the Caribbean, 2007-2017. Washington, D.C.: PAHO; 2017. The report is available here.

  • Check PAHO's quarterly Research Newsletter for the latest news, training opportunities and calls for application

    PAHO Research NewsletterClick in the image to access the collection of newsletters or to subscribe.

     
  • PAHO-OAS scholarship programs in Mexico and Brazil: Calls for applications 2017 and 2018!

    OAS-PAHO ScholarshipsClick on the image to get the updated information of PAHO-OAS Scholarships program to complete health graduate (mainly Master's and Doctorate) studies in Brazil or Mexico. Programs are available in English, Spanish and Portuguese, language courses may be included. The program has benefited over 300 professionals from 28 OAS Member States.

  • Mapping National Health Research Systems

    Policies and Agendas screenshotAn update on current policies and agendas on research for health with information collated by the Office of Knowledge Management, Bioethics and Research. Check the interactive maps.
    Feel free to send updates to RP@paho.org

     
  • PAHO and EQUATOR Network renew their partnership agreement to improve health research reporting in the Americas

    EQUATOR NETWORKThe Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the EQUATOR Network's UK Centre recently renewed their memorandum of understanding to advance the Policy on Research for Health CD49/10 by increasing the value of research. A core aspect of the agreement is improving the reporting of research for health by using guidelines and other tools to increase accuracy and transparency. Under the agreement signed this month, PAHO and EQUATOR UK will extend their collaboration for five more years. Read more...

  • Updates on PAHO-OAS scholarship programs in Mexico and Brazil: NEW DEADLINE!

    OASBrazil:  As part of the Partnerships Program for Education and Training (PAEC) OAS-GCUB Scholarships and with the support of PAHO, scholarships for health are being offered for master's and PhD studies in Brazil. This scholarships program is aimed at citizens and permanent residents from OAS Member States, except for Brazil. In 2015, 100 students were awarded to pursue their studies in Brazil, 59 of them in the area of health. The deadline has been extended and the call for applications is now open until August 19, 2016! To know more about the programs available and make an application, please check out the dedicated section on the OAS website. You can also access the official announcement. Find PAHO's press release here.

    Mexico: Regarding the OAS-CONACYT-AMEXCID-PAHO Scholarships program, the Selection Committee for Scholarships Allocation gathered on June 7th at OAS Headquarters, Washington DC, to select the 2016 recipients. In 2015, 21 scholarships out of a total of 204 were granted for health studies. Access the list of the 2016 awardees.

    Find more information in the dedicated section and a photo gallery of the event on FLICKR/OAS.

  • Check our latest Research for Health Newsletter

    Research for Health News is a periodic bulletin that aims to disseminate news about research for health to country health professionals and authorities, our partners, and PAHO managers and staff.
    read more ...

  • Funding Opportunity Announcement for Cancer Research in the Caribbean

    Application deadline 1 December 2014. , Scientific Review, Final Decision and disbursement of funds: January 31, 2015. See detailed information here.

  • KBR presents at 22nd Cochrane Colloquium held in Hyederabad, India. 21-26 September 2014

    The 22nd. Cochrane Colloquium whose main theme was: "Evidence-Informed Public Health: Opportunities and Challenges", took place at the International Conventions Center of Hyderabad in India. The Department of Knowledge Management, Bioethics and Research (KBR) is exhibiting a poster on the "Adherence to reporting guidelines in biomedical journals of Latin America". The poster will present the results of a study that evaluated the awareness and knowledge of journal editors, indexed in LILACS, with regards to research reporting guidelines.  The colloquium provides the host-country and host-region the unique opportunity to have a significant impact on sanitary decision-making at the national and regional levels as they will help to promote the use of the evidence which will improve health of the local and global populations.  

    It will be soon be available on the Canada Cochrane website as well as the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre website.

  • TDR: Grants and funding opportunities

    TDR, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, has issued an invitation for letters of interest regarding the topic: Improving the careers of women research scientists in infectious diseases of poverty. This invitation is intended to address the strategies and techniques that can be used to improve the career opportunities of female researchers from low- and middle-income countries. Applications should be submitted by the 30th of September 2014. More information about the call for this invitation, and others, can be found here.

  • Call for applications: OAS: The Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) PhD Scholarship opportunities

    Qualified candidates of the Americas are called to apply for one of three PhD Scholarships to study at the VUB University in Brussels, Belgium. The deadline is the 30th of September.

  • Spring issue of the Research Newsletter

    The Spring issue of the Research Newsletter is now available.

  • NIH, CARPHA, St. Georges University and PAHO offer Grant Writing Workshop. Extended through 24 July. Faculty welcome to apply

    NIH, CARPHA, St. Georges University and PAHO offer Grant Writing Workshop for Caribbean researchers at St. Georges University in Grenada, 17-19 September. To learn more and apply select this link. Applications are due 24 July.

  • PAHO EQUATOR Implementation Plan

     The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the EQUATOR Network launched a partnership in 2010 to improve the accuracy, transparency, and rigor of health research in Latin America and the Caribbean through the use of reporting guidelines. To date the collaboration has resulted in the EQUATOR Website and key guidelines being translated into  Spanish. The aim is to benefit the dissemination and implementation of reporting guidelines by the Spanish speaking authors.

    A study conducted in 2013 documented that journal editors for the most part are unaware of the availability of reporting guidelines or the Equator Network's website which provides access to a searchable database containing more than 200 guidelines.The editors, the study found, are interested in learning about these guidelines. To address this gap, PAHO and the Equator network devised an implementation plan to acquaint journal editors with reporting guidelines, both will shortly receive relevant information to help them access and use available reporting guidelines.

    As part of this collaboration, PAHO and EQUATOR are hosting a series of webinars about research reporting. Most recent webinars have been the STROBE Statement, used for observational studies and the CONSORT Statement for randomized trials. The former was presented by  Dr. Erik von Elm and the latter by Prof. Doug Altman.
     

    If you are interested in receiving more information please email Shona Kirtley, shona.kirtley@csm.ox.ac.uk


  • PAHO and OAS to offer scholarships to promote higher education and research for health in the Americas

    The Pan American Health Organization/ World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) and the Organization of American States (OAS) signed an agreement to join forces to strengthen education and human development in the Americas through the joint promotion of scholarship opportunities.

  • PAHO's short-term subsidy program selected four projects

    We have selected the winners of PAHO's short-term subsidy program "Strengthening research capacity in the area of health policy and systems". The program aims to strengthen research capacity in health policy and systems in Latin American and the Caribbean, particularly in the areas of financing, governance and human resources. Find out who the winners are here.

  • PAHO/WHO announces winners of the PAHO-Ibero-American Cochrane Network Awards

    Researchers from Colombia and Peru have been selected as winners of the 2013 PAHO-Ibero-American Cochrane Network Award under the theme "Prevention of chronic noncommunicable diseases through healthy lifestyles."

    The competition had entries in two categories: systematic reviews and protocols for reviews. The winner in the "best systematic review" category was "Efficacy of the prescription of physical activity in obese child population," by Edgar Hernández, María Victoria Valero-Bernal and Erika Mancera, of the National University in Colombia. The winner in the "best protocol" category was "Multiple interventions in lifestyles for the prevention of obesity in children and adolescents in low and middle income countries,"  developed by Yamilée Hurtado , Marianela Oré , and Gisely Hijar  while they were pursuing their master's degrees at Cayetano Heredia University in Lima, Peru. For more information, click here

  • Announcement: Subsidies for strengthening health systems and policies research

    This plan for short-term subsidies aims to strengthen research capacity in the area of health policy and systems. Application submission through 15 June 2013 . For more information click here.

  • 45th Advisory Committee on Health Research of the Pan American Health Organization (ACHR)

    Hamilton, Canada. 17 - 19 October, 2012. More information at ACHR Webpage.

  • Report to the Director. 44 the ACHR Meeting

    The Advisory Committee on Health Research (ACHR/CAIS) of the Pan American Health. Organization (PAHO/AMRO) met in Barcelona 13-15 October 2011 providing the Members the opportunity to attend the joint XIX Cochrane Colloquium and VI International Conference on Patient Safety in Madrid.

    Report to the Director  [2102] 

  • Recognition of the Research Team
    PAHO, through its Research Team, has been appointed as a member of the Advisory Board of the European Union-Latin America and the Caribbean. The first meeting of the Board was held in Rio de Janeiro where the next RIMAIS Network and Network CYTED also met. These meetings oriented around harmonizing the policies of research of the region with those of the European Union, promoting cooperation in research between Latin America and the Caribbean and the European Union, and developing a road map for the normative entities in order to promote the policies on research for health, strengthen the ¨governance¨ of research, and promote the knowledge translation. The Seventh Program of Work of the European Union sponsored these high-level meetings that were carried out in Brazil from March 19-23.

  • Cayetano Heredia and PAHO agreed to the auspices (Cayetano) of Peruvian interns on research topic in PAHO Headquarters. Cayetano Heredia and PAHO agreed to the auspices (Cayetano) of Peruvian interns on research topic in PAHO Headquarters. This collaboration resulted in a visit from the Rector de Cayetano Heredia, Dr. Fabiola León Velarde, informed PAHO during past visits about other issues of collaboration. There were also discussions about the posibility of that Cayetano Heredia will sponsor Peruvian students and professors so that they can carry out internships in PAHO Headquarters. The convocation has been launched in the website of the University.
  • Tropical Diseases, Special Programme for Research and Training (TDR) 's Director visits PAHO Dr. John Reeder, the new Director TDR, visited PAHO Headquarters on March 15th, accompanied by Dr. Meinrad Studer, Manager of External Relations and Governance, and Dr. Fabio Zicker, both members of Reeder's team. In his short visit Reeder talked with the Director of PAHO and participated in a technical meeting with professionals from the neglected diseases, health research, malaria, drugs and technologies, human resources, and tuberculosis teams. Dr. Reeder indicated that during his management TDR will focus on projects where it has a comparative advantage and thus where its impact can be greater. It was clear both institutions wish to strengthen the already close collaboration that has existed for several years. Reeder's was a very timely visit in order to strengthen existing ties with PAHO.

  • WHO Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) seeks Technical Cooperation from PAHO

    At the request of the WHO Research Policy & Cooperation unit, the EMRO office invited Ludovic Reveiz to offer technical assistance and share the Americas' experience in establishing clinical trials registries. As per EMRO there is one ICTRP registry (Iran) compliant with WHO's international clinical trial registry platform standards and thus the office is working in the Region, convening other countries, to look into the feasibility to establish other such registries.

  • Global Forum invites PAHO for the launch of the World Health Report 2012: Health Research

    PAHO has been invited to participate in the Global Forum where the World Health Report 2012 is expected to be released The invitation recognizes PAHO's key contributions to the report on Research for Health. At the request of the Global Forum, the exhibit Art for Research will be displayed for the occasion.

  • PAHO a member of the Steering Group of the Campbell International Development Coordination Group Luis Gabriel Cuervo joined the Steering Group of the Campbell International Development Coordinating Group. Membership in this Coordinating Group is relevant given that the topics of interest to Campbell are shared by PAHO's work agenda. Through this steering group PAHO has a link to partners concerned about human rights, health equity, and patient security, principles in line with PAHO's of equity, solidarity and social well being.
  • McMaster Forum launched a new revamped version of Health Systems Evidence - the world's most comprehensive, free access point for high-quality evidence on health systems

    December 14, 2011


    The next generation of Health Systems Evidence — the world's most comprehensive, free access point for high-quality evidence on health systems — has been launched by the McMaster Health Forum.  

    Health Systems Evidence is a valuable resource for policymakers, stakeholders and researchers seeking to address today's most pressing health challenges. It provides answers on questions about how to strengthen or reform health systems, or how to get cost-effective programs, services and drugs to those who need them.

    The redeveloped website offers numerous enhancements, including new open search and advanced search functionalities, and is available in seven languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.

    Health Systems Evidence, a continuously updated repository of syntheses of research evidence about health system governance, financial and delivery arrangements, has expanded dramatically since its launch less than two years ago. It also includes syntheses of research about implementation strategies that can support change in health systems, and is now adding economic evaluations in these same domains, descriptions of health system reforms, and descriptions of health systems.

    The database currently contains nearly 2,000 records that are coded with additional details such as the quality of the synthesis, how recently the search for the studies was conducted, and the countries in which the studies included in the synthesis were conducted. Key findings of the documents are available through links to user-friendly summaries written by any of nine groups in the world.

    Other enhancements added with the relaunch of Health Systems Evidence include a comprehensive synonyms dictionary that cuts through the different jargon in use within and across countries, a filter that allows users to identify evidence that targets low- and middle-income countries, and a customizable evidence service that will provide monthly email alerts identifying new documents available in the database specific to someone's individual interests.

    A video tutorial on how to make the best use of the site is provided, which will assist users to rapidly identify the best available research on a particular health system topic.

    Health Systems Evidence is supported by a collaboration with the Program in Policy Decision-making at McMaster University, Cochrane Canada and its Policy Liaison Office, the Health Information Research Unit's McMaster PLUS and McMaster Search Filters, and Rx for Change.

    Translations of the site into the six languages other than English is supported by World Health Organization (WHO) regional offices for the Americas (Pan American Health Organization), Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean, the American University of Beirut and the Evidence-Based Medicine Centre at Lanzhou University in China.

    McMaster Forum is also available in other languages:

  • Contexto mundial para la investigación (only in Spanish)

    Entrevista al Dr. Luis Gabriel Cuervo, OPS/OMS
    Revista FORNISA, 2011

    Dr. Luis Gabriel Cuervo Interview (only in Spanish)

     Download

    ¿Cuáles son los lineamientos que la OPS y OMS tienen a nivel mundial para investigación en Salud?

    El 49.o Consejo Directivo aprobó, con un apoyo muy fuerte de los Estados Miembros, la Política Regional de la OPS sobre Investigación para la Salud. Esta se convierte en la primera política regional sobre la investigación para la salud que es respaldada por los Estados Miembros y ofrece un enfoque estratégico para fortalecer la gobernanza de investigación y de aspectos tales como traducción del conocimiento. La política se elaboró considerando las exhortaciones de la comunidad internacional de un enfoque estratégico para mejorar la gobernanza y rectoría de la investigación y fortalecer funciones esenciales de la salud pública.

    Estos principios están orientados a tener un mayor conocimiento de lo que son las metodologías para definir las prioridades nacionales de tal forma que los problemas de salud más apremiantes se puedan atender adecuadamente con un mayor acceso a la investigación y sus resultados. Se orienta también a facilitar el acceso a las nuevas estructuras y marcos normativos, incluyendo los instrumentos que existen para integrar sistemáticamente los productos de la investigación en las políticas y prácticas de salud, y asegurar que el cumplimiento de los estándares de la investigación sea riguroso, que éste se haga con calidad, con ética y que todo lo que se invierta en investigación se pueda utilizar después, que de una fuerza de trabajo nacional con capacidad para llevar a cabo las investigaciones, para poderlas utilizar adecuadamente, para contribuir a las políticas nacionales orientadas a mejorar la salud y el desarrollo y para mejorar la producción y el uso de las comunicaciones y la información de datos de evidencias científicas que sean confiables, oportunas y pertinentes.

    Para eso existe esta Política de Investigación en Salud que complementa la Estrategia de Investigación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y la Estrategia, y el Plan de Acción en Salud Pública, Innovación y Propiedad Intelectual. Esta política tiene 5 metas principales:

    1. Promover la generacio?n de investigaciones pertinentes, e?ticas y de calidad.
    2. Fortalecer la gobernanza de la investigacio?n y promover la definicio?n de temarios para la investigacio?n.
    3. Mejorar la competencia de los recursos humanos que participan en la investigacio?n y prestarles un mayor apoyo.
    4. Promover una mayor eficiencia e intensificar las repercusiones de la investigacio?n y la identificacio?n con sus objetivos a trave?s de alianzas eficaces, la colaboracio?n, el fortalecimiento de la confianza y la participacio?n del pu?blico en la investigacio?n.
    5. Fomentar pra?cticas y esta?ndares o?ptimos para la investigacio?n.
    6. Promover la difusio?n y utilizacio?n de los resultados de la investigacio?n.

    ¿Qué referencias destacadas en América Latina tenemos en cuanto a investigación?

    Muchísimas, por ejemplo, un producto evidente de finales del siglo XIX, fue en la construcción del canal de Panamá, una tarea imposible intentada por varios países, en la que murieron miles de personas tratando de construirlo, y no fue sino hasta que hubo mejor entendimiento de las enfermedades gracias a investigaciones promovidas en buena parte por científicos cubanos, que empezaron a trabajar en asocio con científicos estadounidenses y panameños en procesos de investigación que determinaron que la fiebre amarilla y la malaria no se transmitían por un humores, sino que habían otras formas de transmisión como los vectores, los zancudos y empezaron a encontrar otras formas de controlar la enfermedad. Esta investigación básica que determinó posibles formas de adquirir la enfermedad, y en la parte de implementación y aplicación que se desarrollaron los métodos para prevenirla, la construcción de carreteras, el secado de asequias, el corte del pasto, el control de humedales, y se pudo reducir la cantidad de mosquitos infectados y por ende la transmisión de la enfermedad.

    Esta colaboración internacional permitió completar la construcción del Canal de Panamá, que nos afecta a todos, de una forma en los precios que pagamos por las cosas con los precios más bajos gracias al comercio que hay, afecta generando fuentes de trabajo, y por supuesto afecta a otros países como Ecuador en costos indirectos de los productos en el comercio que puede generar. Esto es un rédito del proceso de investigación para la salud que ha contribuido al desarrollo de los países, y contribuye a la competitividad, con una población más sana y con una mayor cantidad de investigadores formados que tendrán mayor capacidad de resolver problemas complejos y abordar los retos de manera científica.

    ¿Hacia dónde se debería enfocar la propuesta de un Sistema Nacional de Investigación en Salud?

    No debemos olvidar que la investigación es una herramienta, no es el fin último. Debemos desarrollar un sistema que dé cabida a la creatividad y a la innovación, que se desarrollen cosas novedosas, invención, pero también que atienda las necesidades para mejorar las actividades y el desarrollo de un país.

    Sobre la propuesta de un sistema de investigación en salud liderado desde la base académica, ¿Cuáles serían las recomendaciones para países como el Ecuador que empezamos a orientar los primeros pasos en este sentido de la investigación, liderada por las universidades?

    Las universidades tienen un liderazgo en el tema y un posicionamiento en la investigación en salud en todas partes. Es donde está el conocimiento de las metodologías de investigación, muchas veces ya con el aspecto temático de lo que se va a tratar o de la capacidad de aprender y generar conocimiento. Desde esta perspectiva la Academia debe participar de un Sistema nacional de Investigación para la Salud.

    El sistema educativo en sí tiene como propósito servir a la comunidad para que construya y desarrolle el país, entonces la academia tiene un rol muy importante. Pero también tiene un rol importante las autoridades de salud, las autoridades de ciencia y tecnología, en este caso SENESCYT, desde donde se dan los direccionamientos y mecanismos para el desarrollo del sistema nacional de investigación en salud que se debe coordinar desde ahí, identificando para que haya el conocimiento, la información y la comunicación necesaria en el sistema de investigación que construya el sistema de salud. Para que existan las estructuras y marcos regulatorios adecuados, y además el seguimiento y monitoreo adecuado de su implementación.

    Ecuador tiene ya desarrolladas muchas de estas estructuras, sin embargo el trabajo es ahora la implementación de los mecanismos de gobernanza, la actualización y revisión permanente de las políticas, de las regulaciones y de la priorización de los problemas de salud; lo que se debe hacer no como un trabajo de la Academia sino como un rol fundamental del Estado: definir las prioridades que se deben atender.

    En ese contexto en Ecuador se están desarrollando ejes para la formación de profesionales y el impulso a la investigación ¿Cómo se puede fomentar la investigación mientras se desarrollan estos procesos formativos?

    Es una excelente noticia, pienso que se va en la dirección correcta, pero es importante destacar que Ecuador no está comenzando de cero, que tiene investigadores, que es un buen momento para generar incentivos, que es uno de los componentes que puede ser tremendamente útil, para que su uso sirva para promover el trabajo en redes, para que investigadores con diferentes capacidades y niveles se involucren en los procesos y se generen más capacidades, que los recursos no se vayan únicamente a los mejor posicionados sino hacia la evaluación de las mejores capacidades.

    Es necesario revisar las líneas de investigación que estén claras, Ecuador tiene unas prioridades de investigación para la salud. Otro aspecto clave es la capacitación en los comités de ética, que a nivel mundial enfrentan un problema que es que no hay estándares con los que se pueda garantizar que algo es ético o de calidad, no siempre se revisa la parte metodológica, entonces son temas que se deben considerar, para orientar el fortalecimiento de los comités de ética nacionales para que queden muy bien definidos y se establezcan parámetros para que todas las investigaciones que se hagan sean de ética y de calidad.

    Se debe considerar además fortalecer los componentes de la investigación, que esto se pueda hacer también en las carreras del sector salud, por ejemplo si se están empezando a formar personas de pregrado, la formación en investigación debe ser parte integral del plan de estudios. No se trata de que toda la gente que entre al sector salud salga investigador, no es necesario; pero si se necesita que todos los graduados sepan utilizar la investigación, sepan cómo enfrentar una pregunta, sepan dónde buscar las respuestas y cómo aprovechar el conocimiento científico que ya está disponible para proteger a las personas a través de intervenciones que sean seguras y efectivas, y dar un mejor uso posible de los recursos.

    Los estudiantes deben saber hacer preguntas y saber contestarlas y utilizar adecuadamente lo que es la investigación. Eso es relevante para cualquier carrera de Salud, es un factor que empodera el conocimiento por encima de la opinión, de la teoría. Es un factor que enriquece el conocimiento y que debe hacerse parte integral de la toma de decisiones y de las políticas tanto de las prácticas como de la atención sanitaria en la construcción de un Sistema Nacional de Salud.

    En el ámbito de la investigación, ¿Cómo se puede orientar para que los productos de la Investigación se publiquen y se den a conocer?

    Este es un asunto tremendamente importante porque todo el conocimiento científico que está ahí, por ejemplo el conocimiento de investigación en implementación de la investigación, están represados sin darse a conocer, lo cual es un problema mundial, no solo de Ecuador. Hay estrategias que están sirviendo para mejorar esto. Un ejemplo, el conocimiento de los ensayos clínicos en curso permite conocer mejor las implicaciones que puedan tener sobre las personas, las potencialidades de beneficiarles o de dañarles. Para esto, existen registros internacionales de ensayos clínicos que permiten que se sepa las investigaciones que se hacen.

    El rol fundamental del Estado en la gobernanza es crear todos los mecanismos, incentivos y regulaciones que permitan que las investigaciones que se hagan se registren, como por ejemplo las legislaciones que hacen que todas las tecnologías y medicamentos antes de ser aprobadas deben estar registradas en un registro con estándares establecidos por la OMS. Hoy en día la mayoría de publicaciones internacionales exigen que estas investigaciones sean registradas previamente cuando se trata de ensayos clínicos, también declaraciones como las de Helsinki que indican que eso debe suceder.

    Se han ido desarrollando procesos para registrar las investigaciones, para darles transparencia, en ese sentido se debería fomentar que las investigaciones que se publiquen con ciertos estándares y en medios de acceso abierto, de tal forma que el país busque mecanismos que los usuarios puedan encontrar y acceder a estas publicaciones y ser creativos en la forma como se disemina conocimiento. Se pueden utilizar otras herramientas como reuniones con los medios, presentación al público, etc. Tienen que establecerse los mecanismos para difundir la investigación, para llevarla al público que se beneficie del mismo, llevar el conocimiento de la investigación a la práctica, a las políticas y al ciudadano. Ese es el camino.

    El X Foro Nacional de Investigación en Salud surge como un espacio de concertación nacional y donde se generan propuestas de liderazgo para fomentar la implementación del Sistema de Investigación para la Salud. ¿Es el espacio ideal para definir la articulación de redes y estructuración concreta del sistema?

    Me parece muy importante que se dé por los aportes y por la convocatoria de todos los actores claves que están participando, principalmente la sociedad civil como usuarios de la investigación, que deben ser parte integral del sistema, porque no estamos hablando de un canal de un solo sentido sino un sistema de varias vías, en las que cada parte puede afectar a las demás y que hay una apropiación del conocimiento por parte de la población ecuatoriana.

    Necesitamos por lo tanto tener esos espacios de concertación, con la participación del liderazgo de las autoridades de salud, y además que el tema demanda la investigación para la salud, en la que se requiere una participación activa e interrelacionada con otras áreas, pensando en los determinantes sociales, en el contexto y en un abordaje integral, en donde se requiere espacios como este, para convocar a todos los actores y usuarios para que intercambien ideas y necesidades y poder ir compartiendo lo que van aprendiendo y generando.

    ¿Cua?les son las recomendaciones para los participantes del Foro?

    Recordar siempre que estamos haciendo investigacio?n, no enfocarnos en lo que nos interesa a nosotros, sino para el bien de nuestras poblaciones y para fortalecer el sistema de salud. Una recomendacio?n fundamental es fortalecer la gobernanza en la investigacio?n a nivel de las instituciones tambie?n, teniendo registros de investigacio?n, compatibles con los esta?ndares que ha propuesto la OMS para que puedan tener visibilidad global, promover la transparencia de la investigacio?n , fortalecer sus comite?s de e?tica y trabajar con socios estrate?gicos como la OPS para que sus investigaciones tengan esta?ndares adecuados y contribuyan al bienestar de las poblaciones y a protegerlas en la medida de lo posible.

    Ese es el primer paso, tener una gobernanza de la investigacio?n, definir concretamente las estructuras y los marcos regulatorios, y la creacio?n de registros para poder identificar y documentar los procesos de investigacio?n. Deben promoverse los consejos financieros de investigacio?n de tal manera que se pueda conocer si se esta? invirtiendo lo que se necesita y que se revise si la investigacio?n que se hace esta? alineada con las necesidades de la institucio?n, de la regio?n y del pai?s.

    Finalmente la implementacio?n sobre co?mo llevar los resultados de la investigacio?n a poli?ticas y pra?cticas a gran escala y eso tiene que ver con lo que es transferencia del conocimiento y la formacio?n de los recursos humanos que sean capaces, no solo para producir el conocimiento sino para liberarlo y transmitirlo. Ese puente que esta? entre los investigadores y los usuarios de la investigacio?n, es algo que puede mirarse estrate?gicamente y de forma inclusiva, ya que la investigacio?n se beneficia y se enriquece cuando se hace parti?cipes a nuevos actores que puedan brindar nuevas perspectivas para resolver los problemas.

  • Art for Research: Images of Health, Development and Innovation
  • Prospective registration and results disclosure of clinical trials in the Americas: a roadmap toward transparency

    Pan American Journal of Public Health publishes an article that proposes a roadmap toward transparency of clinical trials in the Americas—by their prospective registration and results disclosure. To be indexed in PubMed. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2011;30(1):87—96

  • Deliberative Dialog on "Water and Sanitation in Guatemala" (Spanish only)

    First published report in the Americas prepared by Evelina Chapman, EVIPNet in collaboration with the technical team PAHO GUT.

    Click here icon to see the report in PDF (2 MB- only in Spanish)

  • Video: Minister of Health of Peru, on evidence-informed policy decision making (in Spanish)

    Interview with the Peruvian Minister of Health, Dr. Oscar Ugarte Ubilluz, during PAHO's Executive Committee meeting in Washington D.C. The minister emphasizes how knowledge translation is helping the Ministry's decision-making-processes.

     

  • Peru issues a 10-year moratorium on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) supported by a review conducted at the National Institute of Health of Peru

       

    Research concludes that scientific evidence not sufficient to determine safety of GMOs

    Washington, DC, June 13, 2011 (PAHO) — The Peruvian Congress has issued a 10-year moratorium on the introduction of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) in the country after careful consideration of the agricultural, environmental, and public health implications of GMOs. This political decision was influenced not only by social mobilization and press releases written by opinion leaders; the Ministry of Health (MINSA) also took position on this issue based on a technical report on GMOs conducted by the National Institute of Health in Peru.

    When the Government of Peru issued a Supreme Decree authorizing the introduction of GMOs in April, 2011, a debate sparked surrounding the safety, as well as the economic and environmental impacts, of GMOs. "Renowned scientists postulated the absence of adverse effects associated with their consumption, but other medical groups argued that these foods cause allergies, antibiotic resistance and damage to organs," said Lely Solari, a member of the Analysis and Generation of Evidence in Public Health research team at the National Institute of Health.

     

     

     

     

     

    Upon request of the Peruvian Ministry of Health, the Analysis and Generation of Evidence in Public Health team at the National Institute of Health carried out a systematic review of the available scientific literature on the subject. Although there is no current proof that the consumption of GMOs is harmful to people, they concluded, based on the findings of their review, that there is also insufficient evidence to conclude that the consumption of GMOs is safe and beneficial to people. The Analysis and Generation of Evidence in Public Health team recommended that further studies are needed to evaluate the long-term nutritional safety of GMOs in humans and animals in accordance with international scientific standards.

     

     

     

     

     

    As part of the EVIPNet Initiative (Evidence-Informed Policy Network), the Analysis and Generation of Evidence in Public Health team at the National Institute of Health promotes the systematic use of health research evidence in policy-making in Peru.

    Analysis and Generation of Evidence in Public Health (UNAGESP), National Center for Public Health, National Institute of Health of Peru

    The mission of the National Institute of Health is to generate scientific and technological evidence for the implementation of policies, standards and interventions in health, in this regard the Analysis and Generation of Evidence in Public Health (UNAGESP) was established in 2009 with the aim of evaluating Health Policy based on the best available evidence or, where applicable, to generate such evidence to support the decision-making of health officials at the national, regional and local levels.

    UNAGESP performs systematic reviews, economic evaluations and primary evaluation studies on issues of interest in public health. UNAGESP is comprised of a multidisciplinary team of physicians, biologists, librarians, biostatisticians and other partners (economists, etc.).

    Visit the UNAGESP Page in Spanish: http://www.ins.gob.pe/portal/jerarquia/4/824/unagesp/jer.824

    EVIPNet: Improving Health and Strengthening National Health Research Systems

    EVIPNet is a social and collaborative network that promotes the strengthening of health systems by using knowledge translation as a catalyst for the development of health research systems.

    Further to developing research capacities, EVIPNet promotes a systems approach for the implementation of relevant research and the integration between policy, practice, and research. It also promotes partnerships between stakeholders, facilitates policy implementation and policy development that is informed by reliable and relevant scientific evidence. EVIPNet builds bridges between research producers and users. The international network and its secretariats (regional and global) monitor and evaluate, and bring efficiencies and coordination among participating country teams, within the Americas, and globally between participating WHO Regions.

    For more information about EVIPNet and PAHO's Policy on Research for Health please visit: www.paho.org/researchportal

  • For World Water Day, PAHO launches policy brief on Water and Sanitation Policy (only in Spanish)

     

    Como parte de las celebraciones del Día Mundial del Agua, el Programa de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (SDE) presentó el Resumen de evidencia (Policy Brief) "Políticas de distribución de agua, saneamiento, derechos humanos, equidad y salud pública" el mismo que fue producido por el Equipo de Promoción y Desarrollo de la Investigación a solicitud de SDE.

    El acceso al Agua, Higiene y Saneamiento (AHS) en América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) es todavía un problema y la formulación de políticas públicas basadas en el enfoque de derechos humanos tienen un rol crítico para garantizar el acceso a los niveles básicos que permitan a las personas no solo vivir, sino hacerlo dignamente. La falta de AHS influye sobre el desarrollo social y económico de un país.

    Este Resumen de evidencia (Policy Brief) responde de manera informada a esas preguntas relacionadas con las políticas de distribución de agua y saneamiento y su impacto en la equidad, los derechos humanos y la salud pública. Servirá para facilitar diálogos deliberativos en los países de la Región que contribuirán a encontrar bases racionales para la construcción de una nueva agenda que no solo promueva un mejor acceso al agua, higiene y saneamiento en ALC, sino que contemplar'a  la vinculación entre el diseño de políticas públicas y las garantías de derechos.

    Enlace completo al evento aquí

    Resumen de evidencia (Policy brief) in English 

     



  • Workshop "The Value of Implementation Research in Supporting Evidence -Informed Health Policy Development". Bangkok, March 2011

    (left) Dr. Jorge Barreto, National Council of Municipal Secretaries of Health, Brasilspan

    The World Health Organization (WHO), the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), convened an expert group to discuss␣the value of the research on implementation; one that generates knowledge on how to integrate the results of research on health in the health care systems.

    These experts met from 14 to 16 March 2011 in Bangkok, Thailand; to explore the transformational role on the health system is the implementation of the results of research on diagnostic tests. They discussed the challenges found in knowledge translation, and shared experiences in transformational health systems initiatives. During the event the positive experience of Evidence Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet) was presented.

    The Coordinator of the World Health Report 2012, Dr. Tikki Pang, highlighted how when scientific knowledge, political, and social participation work jointly, changes can be achieved. For its part, the Senior Adviser for the Research Promotion & Development team at PAHO, Dr. Luis Gabriel Cuervo, illustrated the systems approach by which the translation of knowledge becomes a catalyst for the strengthening of National Health Research systems, as applied in PAHO. This approach was illustrated with specific examples brought by the Extraordinary Secretary for Science and Technology of the National Council of Municipal Secretaries of Health from Brazil, Mr. Jorge Barreto, who shared his experience as Secretary of health of Piripirí and summed up how EVIPNet Brazil provided effective solutions for him as a policy maker throughout the decision making processes, offering a comprehensive and integral vision to define health policies. For example: the policy briefs about implications of relevant options to improve primary health care at the municipal level and the use of "deliberative dialogues" to get an informed perspective of the views from different stakeholders and their reactions to the evidence about each policy option. In the words of Barreto: "Our experience with deliberative dialogues has been sensational! The use of evidence allowed a rich and informed discussion with civil society when we were looking at options to attract competent professionals, thus allowing us to enhance the delivery of primary health care. It presented me with the implications of three options for strategies that were supported by research evidence allowing us to make an informed decision with the municipal Council. Subsequent evaluations showed that we made sound choices".1

    The event also highlighted related contributions by BIREME, such as the Evidence Portal.  Other experiences from the Americas were presented at this international event. Among them, the programs of rapid diagnosis to prevent congenital syphilis implemented in Haiti, (presented by the Dr. Rosanna Peeling), Peru(Drs. Patricia Garcia, and José Calderón Yberico), and Brazil (Drs. Adele Benzaken and Valdir Pinto).

    The meeting resulted in a series of concrete proposals that enhance the transformative role offered by research in diagnostic systems of health technologies.

    span

    span 

    Dra. Patricia García, Escuela de Salud Pública, Universidad Cayetano Heredia, Perúspan

    Prepared by Luis Gabriel Cuervo, Bangkok, 16 de marzo de 2011.(Original in Spanish)

  • Cuba launches first clinical trial Registry in Spanish

    On Tuesday 5 April 2011 Cuba celebrated the accreditation of the Registro Público Cubano de Ensayos Clínicos (RPCEC) by the World Health Organization's ICTRP, becoming the first Spanish speaking country to become a data provider to the ICTRP. The registry is also an important milestone for advancing in the implementation of PAHO's Policy on Research for Health and WHO's Strategy on Research for Health.

    The existing 12 data providers offer key information of about 130,000 clinical trials identified in the past couple of years (http://apps.who.int/trialsearch/).

    See the taped ceremony: https://youtu.be/STeI9F-lnM0

  • CONSORT, PRISMA, and STROBE Guidelines updated


    Equator Network publishes in English and Spanish updates on key guidelines. In addition to these guides, EQUATOR offers an extensive collection of guides to inform systematically on research findings.

  • PAHO-Cochrane Iberoamericana Award 2011 PAHO Award - Red Cochrane Iberoamericana: Health Agenda for the Americas - "Toward the Strengthening of Health Systems in the Americas". Basis - Deadline 20 June 2011
  • Paraguay: National Research for Health Policy (in Spanish)
  • Paraguay Declares Research for Health a Top National Priority
  • The McMaster Health Forum is named World Health Organization Collaborating Centre.

    The McMaster Health Forum will play a greater international role in supporting evidence-informed policymaking for health systems with its new designation as a World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre.  

     

  • Cochrane Iberoamericana Workshop: Ética de la investigación by Dr. Carla Saenz, Secretariat of the Ethics Review Committee (PAHOERC) at PAHO.

    The Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Red Cochrane Iberoamericana (RCIB) offer a series of virtual webinars/workshops for researchers of the Americas under their cooperative agreement. The workshops are framed within the signed alliance between PAHO and RCIB to train research personnel- an integral component of the national health systems. The workshops are possible with support from the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo, AECID.  Link to Past Workshops and Webinars.

     

  • Erasmus Winter Programme 2011: training opporunity in the Netherlands for researchers, Fellowships available.

    Link to Training Website. 

     

  • Health Agenda for the Americas 2008-2017 Prize

    PAHO/WHO wants to inspire Cochrane reviewers to address key public health and health systems research questions through the development of systematic reviews that provide helpful conclusions, have robust methods, and address topics deemed as a priority to the governments of the Americas. These key questions motivated the following prizes to recognize systematic reviews and protocols relevant to the Health Agenda for the Americas 2008-2017. Prizes were announced during the Cochrane-Campbell Colloquium in Keystone, Colorado. Congratulations to all finalists and awardees of this prize.  Link to article.

     

  • Workshop on Developing a Systematic Review by Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Baltimore, MD, January 11-14, 2010.

    This workshop guides participants through the steps of developing a systematic review. The workshop includes presentations about Cochrane methodology and hands-on practice using the Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager (RevMan) software.

     

  • World Bank: "First global competition for software applications- help us reduce global poverty!"

    The competition aims to bring together software developers and development practitioners to use World Bank data to create innovative software applications. Link to competition info

     

  • Fall Internship Opportunities

    Internships will contribute to the Research Promotion Program's mission. Internship opportunities at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in the Research Promotion and Development program, beginning in the Fall of 2010. Link to Internship information.

     

  • PAHO's Policy on Research for Health (user friendly version) now available

    Link to PDF of "Policy on Research for Health"

     

  • Opportunity for Funding from the Canadian Institute for Health Research

    The CIHR Institute of Population and Public Health and its partners announce a strategic initiative entitled "Programmatic Research to Tackle Health and Health Equity". The purpose of this funding opportunity is to support programmatic operating grants in population and public health research. Programmatic research involves connected sequences of conceptually related research projects, executed by the same group of investigators and their decision-making partners. This initiative will support programs of research in the following areas: 1) pathways to health equity, 2) population health interventions, and 3) implementation systems for population health interventions in public health and other sectors. For more information on these themes, please consult the IPPH Strategic Plan (2009-2014). 

    Important Dates

    Letters of Intent Deadline

    July 2, 2010

    Letters of Intent Decision

    November 1, 2010

    Complete Application Deadline

    February 2, 2011

    Anticipated Application Decision

    TBD (2011)

    Funding Start Date

    TBD (2011)

    Read the announcement carefully to determine your level of interest, eligibility, etc. Programmatic Research to Tackle Health and Health Equity. Link to funding announcement.

  • Submit any questions to ipph-ispp@uottawa.caThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it or to the designated CIHR program officers.

  • Register for & participate in the Virtual Capacity Building Session (May 10, 10-11 A.M.)

  • The CIHR program officers will be the most knowledgeable of CIHR programs and therefore most able to answer questions about the initiative. However, if you have additional questions we at PAHO's Research Promotion and Development Team would be happy to help you.

  • European Community Initiative in Latin America

    ERACOL is a European Community initiative primarily aimed at achieving sustained improvement in knowledge, teaching and research skills in the public-health sciences in Latin America. It attempts to forge lasting links not only between the European and Latin-American partner universities, but also between and within the EU and Latin America. Eventually, participants return to their home countries with knowledge and skills that enhance employability. For more details, the article is available here.

  • Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

    The guidance, known as the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) Statement, was first published in 1996 and revised in 2001. It includes a checklist to help authors write reports of randomized controlled trials so that others can judge the reliability and validity of the results. For more details, the article is available here.

  • Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases

    The Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) is accepting applications to their 12-month career development fellowship on Clinical Research & Development.  Candidates who are currently working on tropical disease research in developing countries will be selected and paired with relevant partners receiving specialized training to later be applied to their home institutes.  For more details, we have provided the announcement which is available in both English and French.

  • Support Tools for Evidence-Informed Health Policy Making

    Support Tools for Evidence-Informed Health Policy Making (STP): A series of 18 articles written for people responsible for making decisions about health policies and programs and for those who support these decision makers.  Visit our Information and Resources for Research for Health Page for more links like this one.

  • Haiti Earthquake: Manuals, Technical Information and Webpages for First Responders

    PAHO/WHO has prepared list of information resources including manuals, technical materials, and webpages for those working in response to the earthquake in Haiti.  Also available is a selection of systematic reviews and their conclusions prepared by the Cochrane Collaboration compiled by The Cochrane Library that colleagues in aid agencies have found significant. Of special interest are the following reviews.

  • Training Opportunities

    The following are upcoming training opportunities that we hope will be useful for you. If you have any suggestions or wish to be added to the Research Training listserv, email us at rp@paho.org and write "training opportunities" in the subject line.  For information about past events, please see our newsletters.

    PAHO-OAS Scholarship Programs

     As part of the strategy to advance the Research for Health Policy (CD49/10), to improve competencies of and support for human resources involved in research. PAHO and the OAS have been working together to promote that the scholars and universities on their scholarship programs benefit from the Policy on Research for Health promoting the best standards for the production and use of impactful research for health. To learn more about this partnership and the scholarship program click here.


    Webinars on various research topics

    • A series of online seminars covering diverse topics can be found here:
    • For research-related topics in Spanish only sponsored by Cochrane Iberoamericana click here
    • For research-related topics in English only sponsored by Canadian Cochrane Centre and Network click here.
    •  For webinars on reporting guidelines sponsored by Equator Network click here.
    • For other PAHO-sponsored webinars on various topics click here.

     Research Interest Group

    Photo of RIG speakers PAHO Research Interest Group is an ongoing informal and collegial discussion space fostering the exchange of information about research needs and interests. The brown bag lunch meetings are held in PAHO headquarters and are open to PAHO staff and guests.

     

    EPPE

    Effective Project Planning and Evaluation in Biomedical Research (EPPE) is a skills-building course that aims to strengthen program management capacity in health research. Participants learn to implement and monitor projects and accurately report and evaluate success. This leads to realistic and structured proposals, including clear research outputs that will increase their competitiveness for funding. Developed by Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) - WHO, UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank, the workshop is offered in the Americas to various research institutions in collaboration with PAHO and CIDEIM (International Center for Training and Medical Research) in Colombia. For more information, please contact ajaramillo@cideim.org.co.

    Erasmus Summer Programme

    The Erasmus University Medical Center offers the Erasmus Summer Programme every year to provide international students, researchers, executives, academic professionals and advisors in the health sciences with an invaluable opportunity to engage in a career-advancing event.  The three-week program is specially designed to satisfy the needs of students and health professionals with a specific interest — such as clinical medicine, general practice, public health, epidemiology, genetics and biostatistics.

  • Our Focus
  • Informe de Bamako

    PAHO is pleased to pass on the following information from the Global Forum for Health Research.

    The Forum has issued the report on the Global Ministerial Forum on Research for Health ( Bamako, Mali, November 2008) and made it available online at http://www.globalforumhealth.org/Bamako-Report

    This Report is an attempt to give background and insight into the content of the Global Ministerial Forum of Bamako and the documents that emerged from it. It presents the "story of an extraordinary gathering and attempts to capture the spirit of an extraordinary meeting for which so many had prepared for so long. The total picture is intended to reflect the problems confronted, solutions proposed, the diversity of ideas and the common themes that ran through the conference.

    Full document available in [English] and [French] The Spanish version will be available shortly at https://www.paho.org/ResearchPortal/Policy.