Article Index

Results

Overall 26 countries from the Americas were included in the analysis, accounting for some 528 million people of 25-79 years of age.  Table 2 shows the prevalence of diabetes and the incidence of TB by country. Read more...

Incidence of Tuberculosis

The overall incidence of tuberculosis for the Americas in 2008 was estimated in 38.7 per 100,000 population (204,424 cases), with the highest rate reported for Haiti followed by Bolivia and Guyana, all three countries with incidence of more than 172 per 100,000 (Figure1). The lowest rate was found in Puerto Rico, followed by Canada and Uruguay, all with less than 7 cases per 100.000. The estimated number of cases of TB was much higher among males than among females (Figure 2). Male to female (M:F) ratio in the risk for tuberculosis was the highest in Jamaica where four men for every one women was estimated to have TB. The lowest M:F ratio was found in Haiti where men and women had almost the same risk.  Read more...

Prevalence of Diabetes

The prevalence of diabetes was estimated in 10.3 % (54 millions people) with the highest risk by country reported in Puerto Rico followed by the United States and Trinidad and Tobago, all with more than 13% of the population 25-79 years of age. The smallest risk was estimated in Paraguay with 5%. Prevalence of diabetes increases with age in both men and women. Among men and women the prevalence of diabetes is comparable within each age group.  Read more...

Incidence of Tuberculosis Associated to Diabetes

The incidence of TB/DM was estimated at 5.9 X 100,000 population (31,411 cases, with lower and upper bounds estimated at 18,495 and 53,352 respectively). The incidence varied among countries with the highest figure observed in Haiti with 59.3 per 100,000, and the lowest in Puerto Rico with 0.9 per 100,000.  Read more...