Radiological Health Program

Quality Assurance means the planned and systematic actions that will produce consistently high quality images with minimum exposure of the patients and workers. Quality Assurance actions include both "Quality Control Techniques" and "Quality administration procedures".

"Quality Assurance Program" means an organized entity designed to provide quality assurance for Radiology facility.

 "Quality Control Techniques" are those techniques used in the monitoring, testing, and maintenance of the components of radiology equipment.

"Quality Control Procedures" are the procedures that provide the organizational framework for the "Quality Assurance Program". They are the actions that guarantee that the monitoring techniques are uniformly performed and evaluated and that necessary corrective actions are applied in response to monitoring results.

Quality Assurance Program in radiology facility is determined by an analysis of the facility's objectives and resources and should include the following major constituents:

• Responsibilities
• Purchase specifications
• Standards for Image Quality
• Monitoring and Maintenance programs
• Installation/Operational/ Performance qualifications of equipment
• Records
• Quality Assurance Manual
• Training

Thus, a QA program should include periodic reviews of referral patterns, clinical protocols, continuing education opportunities for staff, facility inspections, equipment testing, and administrative procedures related to the purchase of supplies and billing. The ultimate goal of QA is to improve patient care.

Quality Control (QC) refers to the specific test required to ensure effective and safe equipment performance. QC tests check the performance of the equipment under routine clinical conditions, following established protocols for facilities, equipment and procedures. Quality control protocols in imaging are oriented to ensure the accuracy of the diagnosis or the intervention; while in radiation therapy, the goal is to ensure accurate delivery of the prescribed dose to the tumor in the patient and to minimize the dose to other tissues.


 


 


Guides, magazines, books, presentations, courses, conferences and events on the incorporation of technology in the area of Radiology, as well as publications of the World Health Organization.


Below are the lists of strategic alliances in the clinical field as the CIR, the ISRRT, the ALATRO,the ALFIM, and ALATRA, and in the field of radiological protection and safety to the IRPA, among others. All these organizations, schools, agencies, and authorities serve as collaborating entities in the area of Radiological Health.

 


The services of diagnostic imaging encompass a wide spectrum of clinical applications, which includes from the diagnosis and monitoring of common diseases in population with high incidence such as respiratory diseases, injuries, digestive conditions, control of the gestation, or mammary pathologies among others, to more complex diseases such as cancer, AIDS, disorders of the central nervous system or cardiovascular diseases

The effectiveness of these services depends enormously on the quality of the health care providers. The existence of well trained professionals, as well as the implementation of quality assurance programs, is essential in order to achieve the main objective of a well-oriented clinical diagnosis with optimal levels of radiation for the patients
 


Overview

chest xray

The Radiological Health Program of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) was established in 1960 and has essentially remained as a unit with activities revolving around research, training, radiation protection, and services in the area of public health and clinical medicine. Also, the program has committed to provide the highest level of technical cooperation to PAHO members states in areas such as Medical Imaging, Radiation Therapy, Health Technology Assessment and Management, Radiation Protection and Safety and Radiological Emergencies.

Since 2003, the main technical cooperation areas includes improving quality and access to medical imaging and radiotherapy services, promoting regulations to protect against ionization and non-ionization and strengthening of countries' response to radiological or nuclear emergencies.

Highlight of the 50 years of PAHO

Mission

To strengthen the assessment, incorporation, regulation, management, and utilization of appropriate health technologies in medical imaging and radiotherapy services. To provide technical cooperation to ensure radiation protection for the public, workers, patients and the environment.

What we do

As part of the Health Systems Based on Primary Health Care (HSS), the Radiological Health program includes:

1. Diagnostic Imaging Services
2. Radiation Therapy Services
3. Health Technology Assessment and Management. - Incorporation of technology in Radiomedicine
4. Radiation Protection and Safety, and Radiological Emergencies
5. Quality Assurance in Radiology Facility

Technical Documents

This section list a series of guides, magazines, books, presentations, courses, conferences and events on the incorporation of technology in the area of Radiology, as well as publications of the World Health Organization, guidelines, brochure and manuals, educations materials and articles.

List of technical documents on radiology

Relevant links

Partnerships

1. Collaborating Centres

Collaborating centers can be departments, laboratories or divisions within an academic or research institution, hospital or government. These centers work with a technical area of the PAHO / WHO where both access the TOR. This agreement is initially four years and in some cases may be renewed for up to four years.

2. Partners

Below are the lists of strategic alliances in the clinical field as the CIR, the ISRRT, the ALATRO, the ALFIM, and ALATRA, and in the field of radiological protection and safety to the IRPA, among others. All these organizations, schools, agencies, and authorities serve as collaborating entities in the area of Radiological Health.

- List of Strategic Partnerships

Publications

Mammography Services Quality Assurance: Baseline Standards for Latin America and the Caribbean
diagnostic imaging 2011-cover