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Prevention of Blindness and Eye Care

Seniors and Blindness Prevention (April, 2012)

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that up to 80% of blindness is avoidable and the result of diseases that can be prevented or treated to restore vision. The majority of blind people are over age 50. To address the problem, countries need national eye care plans that integrate ophthalmological services into primary care systems to ensure people have access to these services. 

Last Updated on Friday, 13 April 2012 06:54

Data from prevalence surveys conducted by the Pan American Health Organization in nine (9) countries revealed that the marginal and poor populations are who have a higher prevalence of blindness and visual disability. The burden of visual impairment in Latin America and the Caribbean is not distributed uniformly; in many countries it is estimated that for every 1 million population 5,000 are blind, and 20,000 are visually impaired, at least two thirds are attributable to treatable conditions such as cataract, refractive errors, diabetic retinopathy, childhood blindness, glaucoma, onchocerciasis and trachoma.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 31 March 2010 12:51

Information resources

Related Sites, Documents, Resolutions, Initiatives and plans, Guidelines, manuals, and technical documents, and others resources.  

Last Updated on Wednesday, 20 July 2011 07:20

Guías del Programa de Salud Ocular

El documento Formato de Plan Nacional es una guía para la formulación de los planes nacionales de la Región de la Américas. El plan aborda las prioridades para controlar las enfermedades que causan deficiencia visual y ceguera,  haciendo para cada una, un análisis de la magnitud del problema y barreras, objetivos y estrategias a ejecutar que deberán integrarse a las diferentes intervenciones por grupos de edad y a través de los sistemas nacionales de salud. [Decargar documento  Guías del Programa de Salud Ocular (159 kB)] (Marzo 2010)


Last Updated on Wednesday, 31 March 2010 12:52

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