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Viral Diseases

1 October 2013 Epidemiological Alert - Cholera

2013-10-01 23:22:49

Epidemiological Alerts 

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2013-10-01 20:48:41

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It can cause high fever, join and muscle pain, and headache. Chikungunya does not often result in death, but the joint pain may last for months or years and may become a cause of chronic pain and disability. There is no specific treatment for chikungunya infection, nor any vaccine to prevent it. Pending the development of a new vaccine, the only effective means of prevention is to protect individuals against mosquito bites.

General information and Frequently Asked Questions.

:: Statistics

PAHO / WHO received on December 6, 2013 the confirmation of the first cases of autochthonous transmission of Chikungunya virus in the Americas. Existing cases are registered and weekly updated in the following table:

:: Geographic Distribution

Countries/territories with autochthonous transmission of Chikungunya in the Americas, (Updated 20 February 2014)

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:: Technical guidelines and recommendations

PAHO / WHO recommends that countries with a presence of the transmitting mosquito establish and maintain their capacity to detect and confirm cases; manage patients; and implement an effective communication strategy to reduce the presence of the mosquito. It is also recommended to strengthen laboratory capacity to identify and confirm the virus in a timely manner.

Preparación y respuesta ante la eventual introducción del virus chikungunya en las Américas, 2011

:: Other Resources

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26 September 2013 Epidemiological Alert - Cholera

2013-09-26 19:53:20

In light of current cholera outbreaks in the Region, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) / World Health Organization (WHO) recommends Member States implement their preparedness and response plans and strengthen cholera surveillance systems. PAHO/WHO also calls on countries to further efforts to improve quality and conditions of water and sanitation.

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Viral Hepatitis: Global Policy Report on Prevention and Control

2013-07-24 13:13:58

The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched the Global Policy Report on the Prevention and Control of Viral Hepatitis, a document that brings together information on how the Organization's Member States are responding to this international public health issue.

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