The most effective way of improving the health of adolescents is to adopt an integral prevention and promotion approach to their development.
Adolescent health and development has become a critical issue, especially if the aim is to address problems such as unprotected sex, unwanted pregnancies, alcohol and drug abuse, accidents, violence, nutritional disorders, etc. These health problems stem from the behaviors or lifestyles of young people themselves, have common risk factors, and have a cause-and-effect relationship
Within the Comprehensive Adolescent Health Program proposed by the Pan American Health Organization, a family focus is considered one of the major integrating approaches that should be adopted as strategy for tackling these problems, as the family is one of the microenvironments that promote health, development, and well-being.
From a psychosocial perspective, the family is viewed as: