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25 September 2003   Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis in Central America and the Caribbean 25 September 2003 Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis in Central America and the Caribbean

Date added: 09/25/2003
Date modified: 01/03/2012
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Since last month and continuing to present, several outbreaks of hemorrhagic conjunctivitis have been reported in various Central American and Caribbean countries. In Central America, the disease has mainly affected four countries:

  • Nicaragua presented a radical increase during the month of May. People from 5 to 14 years were the most affected, and the counties with the highest number of cases were Managua and Chontales. Honduras suffered a big outbreak mainly among factory workers. The cities most affected were San Pedro Sula, El Progreso, La Lima, and Chomola.

  • Guatemala reported 2,035 cases to 20 September 2003 in the 14 health zones. The national incidence rate is 13 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Of the cases, 81% are concentrated in five areas: Izabal, Chiquimula, San Marcos, Petén Suroriente and Guatemala City.

  • In El Salvador, 335 cases of hemorrhagic conjunctivitis occurred up to 16 September. The more affected health zones were the Center zone, Santa Ana and New Concepción. Samples have been taken from three health zones. Results to identify the causal agent are pending, although viral infection is suspected by the symptoms presented.

  • In the Caribbean, eight countries reported having had cases of hemorrhagic conjunctivitis. The start and end of the outbreaks, and the description of them, are showed in the following table:



    • Caribbean Epidemiology Center (CAREC): Caribbean Surveillance Network (Carisurvnet).

    • Laboratory reports and Department of Epidemiology of the respective countries.

    • Boletín Epidemiológico de Guatemala (Guatemala Epidemiological Bulletin), Week 37-03.

    • Boletín Epidemiológico de El Salvador (El Salvador Epidemiological Bulletin), Week 38-03.

23 de octubre 2009 Conjuntivitis Hemorrágica Aguda (In Spanish) 23 de octubre 2009 Conjuntivitis Hemorrágica Aguda (In Spanish)

Date added: 10/23/2009
Date modified: 02/25/2013
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Alertas EpidemiológicasAnte el inicio de la temporada de mayor transmisión de conjuntivitis hemorrágica en países tropicales, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) enfatiza en la necesidad de reforzar la vigilancia e implementar las recomendaciones que contribuyen a controlar la diseminación de la enfermedad.


2 October 2003  Conjunctivitis in Latin America - update 2 October 2003 Conjunctivitis in Latin America - update

Date added: 10/02/2003
Date modified: 05/13/2013
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Central America: The following outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic conjunctivitis are still active:

  • Guatemala: To 29 September 2003, there have been 2,269 cases in 18 health districts. The national incidence rate is 18 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, and the trend is still rising. The health districts with the greatest number of cases are Izabal (247), Petén Suroriente (200) Chiquimula (77), Santa Rosa (34), Petén Norte (30), San Marcos (23) and Escuintla (18). The illness is primarily affecting persons over the age of five.

  • El Salvador: To 30 September 2003, the health districts most affected continue to be El Centro (84), Santa Ana (52) and Nueva Concepción (52). The age group most affected is from 20 to 59 years; and regarding gender, the cumulative number of cases reported among women is higher than among men


Mexico: The conjunctivitis outbreak has affected 32 states. To 26 September 2003, 67,513 cases of conjunctivitis were reported. The three states with the highest number of cases are Campeche (14,309), Quintana Roo (11,169), and Tabasco (11,092).

Source: Boletín epidemiológico de México (Epidemiological Bulletin of Mexico), No. 38, 2003.

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