Presentations in english
En América Latina y el Caribe 5,1% de las muertes en menores de 5 años son debidas a diarrea y deshidratación. Sin embargo, en 11 países de la Región la proporción de los niños y niñas a esta edad que mueren por diarrea sigue siendo superior al promedio regional.
De las casi 400,000 muertes en menores de 5 años ocurridas en el 2006 en la Región de las Américas, una de cada cuatro se debió a alguna de las enfermedades incluidas dentro de la estrategia de Atención Integrada a las Enfermedades Prevalentes de la Infancia (AIEPI). Muchas de estas muertes pudieron ser evitadas mediante acciones sencillas de prevención, diagnóstico temprano y tratamiento oportuno, tanto en los servicios de salud como en la comunidad y a un costo razonable.
The Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) defines the Essential Public Health Functions (EPHF) as the indispensable set of actions, under the primary responsibility of the state, that are fundamental for achieving the goal of public health which is to improve, promote, protect, and restore the health of the population through collective action.
Epidemiologists, health planners, and administrators from countries
throughout the Americas Region, among others, met at a seminar in Buenos Aires, Argentina in November 1983, to discuss and analyze the role of epidemiology in the developing countries of the Western Hemisphere. After formulating and analyzing ideas and initiatives on the use and future prospects of epidemiology in Latin America, the participants made important recommendations for adjusting epidemiology's practice to current needs.
This is a section of the book The Challenge of Epidemiology: Issues and Selected Readings. Edited by four eminent epidemiologists, this book consolidates, for the first time, a core of landmark articles on the evolution, scope and limitations, uses, and prospects of epidemiology. An outstanding feature of the book is the inclusion of the editors' assessments of the realm of epidemiology, where it is and where it should be going. It represents a useful tool for both students and practicing professionals and provides a much-needed frame of reference for reorienting the practice of epidemiology. The book is a collection of 91 articles, grouped in five parts. The first two parts deal with the historical evolution of the discipline. This first part is introduced with the discussions of the four epidemiologists on the concept of epidemiology and its evolution.
The example of the International Cricket Council World Cup in the West Indies, 2007
Introduction: Mass gatherings represent some of the most complex management challenges faced by a government. Depending on the nature of the gathering, they may involve the travel of people across countries and continents, which represent an additional potential risk of dissemination of diseases. Organized mass gatherings that are planned in advance offer the host city, region or country the possibility to prepare for detecting and responding to potential health threats. Such integrated planning is extremely important to minimize that threat
Regulatory Evaluation of Biosimilars / Subsequent Entry Biologicals
Biologics and genetic Therapies
Directorate, Ottawa, Canada
TERRIS: It might be useful to set down the tasks of epidemiology for the near future. First, I think epidemiology should expand the scope and intensity of etiologic studies in diseases of unknown etiology, in occupational and environmental hazards (which are not diseases but hazards), and in the epidemiology of positive health (everything that goes into positive health: vigor, vitality, and performance; the effects of nutrition, physical exercise, rest and recreation, social relations, participation in decision making, etc.).