Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

Bolivia 10/23/2014

Drought. Civil Defense will deliver 30 tons of humanitarian assistance in the border town of Charaña, which will benefit 649 families and 1,500 head of cattle affected by drought. The director of the Emergency Operations Center said on Wednesday that the governor of the department of Santa Cruz declared a drought emergency affecting 12 municipalities in the region; the effects will be mitigated with a budget of 4 million bolivianos. (m.: ABI).

Brazil 10/23/2014

Several cities are in state of emergency due to various natural hazards. Drought is affecting the municipalities of Olhos d'Água and Palmópolis in Minas Gerais; and also Bom Jesus da Lapa, Bahia, and Redondo Well, in Sergipe. The cities of Mato Rico, Paraná and Santa Rosa, Rio Grande do Sul are being affected by rainfall. Finally, the municipality of Saudades, in Santa Catarina, is in emergency due to floods. (o.s.: Civil Defense).

Nicaragua 10/23/2014

Floods. Yellow Alert remains; showers are expected to persist in the country, with potential for landslides, mudslides, overflows and flooding of homes, mainly in Rivas, Granada, Masaya, San Juan River, the South Caribbean and the Autonomous Region. More than 100 families have been evacuated and 27 people have died. So far 60,345 people have been affected nationwide; there are 32 active shelters and 90 solidarity houses, where 1,053 families remain. There are also 6,214 damaged homes, including destroyed, partially destroyed, flooded, and in relocation. (o.s.: INETER; m.c.: La Voz del Sandinismo).

Bolivia 10/23/2014

Drought. Civil Defense will deliver 30 tons of humanitarian assistance in the border town of Charaña, which will benefit 649 families and 1,500 head of cattle affected by drought. The director of the Emergency Operations Center said on Wednesday that the governor of the department of Santa Cruz declared a drought emergency affecting 12 municipalities in the region; the effects will be mitigated with a budget of 4 million bolivianos. (m.: ABI).



World AIDS Day: prevention and treatment in emergency situations

World AIDS Day is celebrated around the world on December 1 of each year. This date has become one of the most recognized international days and a key opportunity to combine efforts and create awareness of what HIV/AIDS is and demonstrate international solidarity against this epidemic.

The population most vulnerable to HIV infection, including injecting drug users, sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgender people, are also people who have less access to prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS such as the population affected by a disaster.

 

HIV/AIDS in emergencies

In emergency situations it is necessary to act promptly in order to contribute to the prevention of transmission of this disease and ensure the continuity of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people living with HIV/AIDS.

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) works in close coordination with the ministries of health in the promotion of protective measures to inform people that the risk of sexually transmitted infections increases during an emergency. PAHO/WHO also supports the actions of the countries related with the purchase and distribution of medicines and materials, with particular emphasis on prenatal care and delivery of pregnant women with HIV/AIDS.

These measures, together with others such as trained health staff in shelters, ensuring safe blood supply and provide educational materials related to sexual reproductive health, help to reduce the number of new infections and ensure access to health services to people living with HIV/AIDS and affected by an emergency.

Among all institutions, governments, communities and individuals can strengthen the activities related with prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS especially in emergency situations and, therefore, the Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief of PAHO/WHO joins in the global celebration of this date in a year that recalls 30 years of the epidemic.

 

For more information:

Guidelines for HIV/AIDS interventions in emergency settings (IASC)

Code of Good Practices for NGOs Responding to HIV/AID (in Spanish)

Guidelines IASC Mental Health in emergencies

UNAIDS Executive Director Message (in Spanish)

 

Picture from PAHO/WHO Guatemala

 

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Knowledge Center on Public Health and Disasters 

 


 

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