Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


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Monitoring Emergencies



From official sources (O.S.) and media (M). It does not represent PAHO's official position.

El Salvador 10/22/2014

Floods, caused by rainfall in in the western and central parts of the country with damage to the highway leading to the port of La Libertad and the urban area of Santa Ana. MARN is forecasting moderate probability of overflows from rivers and short streams and reported that after recent rainfall about 13 municipalities in six departments have a high susceptibility to landslides, mainly in the central volcanic chain. Damage assessment was conducted in three hospitals and 50 schools affected by rains in the departments of San Miguel and La Union, and those affected by a 7.3-degree earthquake in the town of Zacatecoluca, La Paz. (o.s.: Protección Civil, SNET; m.: La Prensa Gráfica).

Guatemala 10/22/2014

Floods. Heavy rains and winds in recent days have destroyed crops and caused damage to homes in San Juan Cotzal, Quiché, Sanarate and El Progreso. In Zacapa, 7,000 people have been left without access to water due to flood damage to pipes. The rainfall has also damaged homes and artesian wells. (m.: Prensa Libre).

Mexico 10/22/2014

Tropical Storm Rudy. Update. The passage of the storm left 12,000 affected people affected in 35 municipalities that had declared emergency in Guerrero; in Oaxaca damage was reported to 50 roads, 220 homes suffered major damage and their inhabitants were evacuated to 10 shelters. (m.: Informador).

Nicaragua 10/22/2014

Floods. Yellow Alert remains; showers are expected to persist in the country. Heavy rainfall has caused mudslides, landslides, overflowing of rivers, and flooding homes. In Matagalpa more than 100 families were evacuated after the waters of the Rio Grande overflowed and flooded their homes. The current toll is 25 people dead, two missing, 163,000 houses destroyed and partially destroyed and 63 families in 31 shelters in 17 departments. Medical teams are helping communities in the Caribbean coast. (o.s.: INETER; m.: La Voz del Sandinismo).

Panama 10/22/2014

Floods. Rainfall in the province of Los Santos left at least about 48 houses and 218 people affected by floods caused by the overflowing of the rivers. SINAPROC makes damage assessment and needs analysis. Local response. (o.s.: SINAPROC).

El Salvador 10/22/2014

Floods, caused by rainfall in in the western and central parts of the country with damage to the highway leading to the port of La Libertad and the urban area of Santa Ana. MARN is forecasting moderate probability of overflows from rivers and short streams and reported that after recent rainfall about 13 municipalities in six departments have a high susceptibility to landslides, mainly in the central volcanic chain. Damage assessment was conducted in three hospitals and 50 schools affected by rains in the departments of San Miguel and La Union, and those affected by a 7.3-degree earthquake in the town of Zacatecoluca, La Paz. (o.s.: Protección Civil, SNET; m.: La Prensa Gráfica).



Hurricane Sandy Leaves a Path of Destruction in the Caribbean and the East Coast of the United States

Hurricane Sandy, after lashing the Caribbean, hit the East Coast of the United States on Monday, 29 October, affecting millions. The hurricane caused at least 165 deaths throughout the Region. Intense flooding, especially in New York and New Jersey, forced people to evacuate, shut down transportation systems and cut off transport via major roads and bridges.   

PAHO/WHO Hurricane Sandy Sitrep 2 - 2 Nov 2012

Health situation by countries (information updated on 2 November 2012)

In the United States, according to reports, at least 90 deaths have occurred as a result of the storm. Most hospitals in the region remain open and functioning, however some had to be evacuated during the storm. According to the NYC Health and Hospital Corporation, the Bellevue Hospital in downtown New York City was evacuated, and all patients were transferred to alternative facilities. Coney Island Hospital evacuated 180 patients, and flooding and power loss forced the New York University Langone Medical Center to evacuate patients.

Disaster Medical Assistance Teams coming from throughout the country are providing care in medical shelters in New York City and a 50-person Disaster Medical Assistance Team is providing medical care in shelters in New Jersey.

In the Bahamas, the majority of the health facilities (hospitals and clinics) are open and providing services as normal.The Ministry of Health/Department of Public Health and the National Insurance Board are coordinating to begin repairing damage, specifically in health clinics. They are also mobilizing backup, portable generators to those areas most in need.

In Cuba, Hurricane Sandy severely affected the city of Santiago de Cuba. Close to 305,000 people were affected by the storm. Reports indicate that 615 health facilities of different levels have been affected in six provinces: Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Granma, Holguin, Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo. The damage caused by the hurricane on the environment and health infrastructure forced the distribution of water and water storage. This water storage can create risks related to water or vector-borne diseases such as dengue and leptospirosis.

Since Haiti was hit by Tropical Storm Isaac in late August 2012, the number of cholera cases has been increasing each month and the number of deaths is now higher than in earlier months this year. Early reports following the impact of Hurricane Sandy indicate that the same trend is likely to continue. A total of 196 new cases and 16 deaths were reported through the alert and response system between 24 and 29 October.

Four PAHO response teams (including clinicians, logisticians and water and sanitation specialists) have been deployed and are supporting health authorities at the department level in the areas of response coordination, investigation of health alerts and provision of supplies to cholera treatment centers, including to decentralized warehouses.

In Jamaica, Hurricane Sandy caused one death and left 237 people injured. The Ministry of Health reports that 51 health facilities suffered some form of damage (50% of which are minor). Six of these facilities are hospitals and 39 of which are health centers or community hospitals. The others are health departments or other facilities.   As of 31 October, 24 of the 25 hospitals remain fully functional. Water and electricity has been restored to approximately 80% of the affected population and most schools have reopened.

 

Situation Reports

PAHO/WHO Hurricane Sandy Sitrep 1 - 30 Oct 2012

PAHO/WHO Hurricane Sandy Sitrep 2 - 2 Nov 2012

 

More information

Hurricane Season 2012

Preparedness tips from CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) for hurricane season

 

 

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