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Response Guidelines on Communicable Diseases

Pandemic (H1N1) 2009--What you Need to Know

PAHO/WHO's medical director briefed staff on the current status of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 that has claimed more than 3000 lives worldwide. Although geared toward PAHO staff, the presentation includes information relevent to the general public, including practical guidelines oh now to avoid spreading the disease and treatment options available for those infected.
Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 - What You Need to Know 


Cholera in Disaster Situations

Cholera Bacteria

Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by toxigenic Vibrio cholerae, group O-1 or O-139. Natural and man-made disasters which produce overcrowding, a scarcity of safe drinking water, improper elimination of human waste, and the contamination of food during or after its preparation are risk factors for the spread of the disease.


Control of Tuberculosis in Disaster Situations

Mycobacterium TuberculosisOn many occasions, when a disaster strikes a primary health care service, it loses control over tuberculosis and the cases can migrate. Under those circumstances, the most important thing is to continue the treatment of those in temporary shelters and establish a monitoring system over those that have shown respiratory problems of the disease for over three weeks. Those who persist with respiratory symptoms should have a smear analysis done and the treatment should immediately start for the positive cases.


Vector Control in Disaster Situations

Vector ControlNatural disasters (hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions) can contribute to the transmission of some diseases provided the causative agent is already in the environment. Rapid changes in the human environment may occur also as a result of acts of war or of other man made circumstances including major industrial accident


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