• In Somalia, a new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) (onset of paralysis on 9 January 2013) was reported.
• This latest case is linked to a cVDPV2 outbreak ongoing in south-central Somalia since 2011 – nine cases were reported in 2011 and one case in 2012 (July).
• In 2012, this outbreak spread across the border to Kenya, with three cases reported from Dadaab, in North Eastern Province between April and June 2012.
• In late 2012 and January 2013, access to populations is being achieved for the first time in three years in key areas of south-central Somalia, as a result of concerted local-access negotiations.
• An emergency action plan for south-central Somalia has been developed and is being implemented. At the same time, efforts are on-going to further boost population immunity levels in accessible, polio-free areas of Somalia, as well as in border areas of Kenya.
• However, confirmation of this most recent case underscores that the outbreak is ongoing and more outbreak response must be implemented