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Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children. The virus is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system. Many infected people have no symptoms, but do excrete the virus in their faeces, hence transmitting infection to others. Initial symptoms of polio include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in the limbs. In a small proportion of cases, the disease causes paralysis, which is often permanent. Polio can only be prevented by immunization.

Practical Guide: Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) Introduction

In May 2012, the World Health Assembly declared the completion of polio eradication as a "programmatic emergency for global public health", and in January 2013, the Executive Board of the World Health Organization (WHO) approved the targets, goals, and timelines of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018.


FAQs on the Introduction of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV)

iconFrequently Asked Questions on the Introduction of IPV 

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