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Polio Highlight

Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Nigeria, January 2012–September 2013

In 2012, the Nigerian government activated an emergency operations center and implemented a national emergency action plan to eradicate polio. The 2013 revision of this plan prioritized

1) improving quality of supplemental immunization activities (SIAs),

2) implementing strategies to reach underserved populations,

3) adopting special approaches in security-compromised areas,

4) improving outbreak response,

5) enhancing routine immunization and activities implemented between SIAs, and

6) strengthening surveillance.

This report summarizes polio eradication activities in Nigeria during January 2012–September 2013 and updates previous reports.

Source: MMWR Weekly December 13, 2013 / 62(49); 1009-1013.
Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6249a5.htm

The draft strategic plan for outbreak response in the Middle East

The draft strategic plan for outbreak response in the Middle East is now available online at the following link:

http://www.polioeradication.org/Portals/0/Document/InfectedCountries/MiddleEast/ME_StrategicPlan_draft.pdf

Source: Global Polio Eradication Initiative  www.polioeradication.org

 

Last Updated on Friday, 13 December 2013 12:17

Polio in the Syrian Arab Republic - update

11 November 2013 - Thirteen cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) have been confirmed in the Syrian Arab Republic. Genetic sequencing indicates that the isolated viruses are most closely linked to virus detected in environmental samples in Egypt in December 2012 (which in turn had been linked to wild poliovirus circulating in Pakistan). Closely related wild poliovirus strains have also been detected in environmental samples in Israel, West Bank and Gaza Strip since February 2013. Wild poliovirus had not been detected in the Syrian Arab Republic since 1999.

A comprehensive outbreak response continues to be implemented across the region. On 24 October 2013, an already-planned large-scale supplementary immunization activity was launched in the Syrian Arab Republic to vaccinate 1.6 million children against polio, measles, mumps and rubella, in both government-controlled and contested areas. Implementation of a supplementary immunization campaign in Deir Al Zour province commenced promptly when the first ‘hot’ acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases were reported. Larger-scale outbreak response across the Syrian Arab Republic and neighbouring countries will continue for at least 6-8 months depending on the area and based on the evolving situation.

Given the current situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, frequent population movements across the region and the immunization level in key areas, the risk of further international spread of wild poliovirus type 1 across the region is considered to be high. A surveillance alert has been issued for the region to actively search for additional potential cases.

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to and from polio-infected areas be fully vaccinated against polio

Source: WHO

View the original article here

PAHO is working on its operational plan to achieve the polio-related outputs defined in the Plan and Budget 2014-2015

PAHO is working on its operational plan to achieve the polio-related outputs defined in the Plan and Budget 2014-2015 approved by the Directing Council in 2013.

These outputs are:

OPT 1.5.4 Maintenance of the regional surveillance systems to monitor acute flaccid paralysis.

OPT 1.5.5 Countries trained on the use of new algorithms aimed at the isolation and intratypic differentiation of poliovirus and improved performance indicators.

OPT 1.5.6 Established processes for risk management of long term poliovirus, including the containment of all poliovirus stocks and the certification of polio eradication in the region.

View the Official Document 346 — Program and Budget of the Pan American Health Organization 2014-2015, pp 31here

WHO/ Polio in the Syrian Arab Republic

29 October 2013 - Following reports of a cluster of 22 acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases on 17 October 2013 in the Syrian Arab Republic, wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) has been isolated from ten of the cases under investigation. Final genetic sequencing results are pending to determine the origin of the isolated viruses. Wild poliovirus had not been detected in the Syrian Arab Republic since 1999.

Last Updated on Friday, 01 November 2013 15:31
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