Technical and scientific publications
Violence against Women: The Health Sector Responds provides a strategy for addressing this complex problem and concrete approaches for carrying it out, not only for those on the front lines attending to the women who live with violence, but also for the decision-makers who may incorporate the lessons in the development of policies and resources. For those communities where support for women does not yet exist, the authors hope that this book will motivate health providers and leaders to more directly confront the issue of gender-related violence and ensure support to affected women in resolving their situation.
This paper will discuss the effect of female and male gender roles, power relations and sexual behaviour on the spread of HIV/AIDS in the Latin American and Caribbean Region (LAC), specifically exploring women's vulnerability to the epidemic. The issues of violence, commercial sex-work and sex tourism,human trafficking, population displacement and crisis will also be addressed in relation to women and men’s susceptibilities to HIVAIDS. The discussion will be situated within the framework of the commitments made at the 2001 UNGASS, and their critical implications for the national, regional and international response to the epidemic.
Plan of Action for Implementing the Gender Equality Policy of the PAHO
PAHO Gender Workshop - this intended gave an introduction to the concepts of gender and gender analysis, and provide them with practical tools to begin integrating a gender perspective into health policies and programmes.
PAHO/WHO’s Policy on Gender Equality is to work with governments and civil society in Member States and with other relevant actors to eliminate health disparities between women and men and advance towards the achievement of gender equality and women’s empowerment goals.
Around the world, efforts to reduce poverty and enhance development have had greater success where women and men have relatively equal opportunities. In much of Latin America, however, women's low social status, poor health, and subordination to men persist. Governments in the region increasingly acknowledge the need to promote gender equity in health and other aspects of development, but the data to monitor disparities between men and women, and progress in closing the gaps have not been readily available.
This data sheet profiles gender differences in health and development in 48 countries in the Americas, focusing on women's reproductive health, access to key health services, and major causes of death. Its objective is to raise awareness of gender inequities in the region and to promote the use of sex-disaggregated health statistics for policies and programs. This effort is consistent with the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals, adopted by 189 member countries at the UN Millennium Summit (2000), which focus on achieving measurable improvements in people's lives, including greater gender equality.
The data sheet also provides basic population and development indicators and information on other factors that influence health, including education, employment, political participation, and risk factors. Staff of the Pan American Health Organization and the Population Reference Bureau compiled this information using data from official national sources as well as data collected by specialized international agencies.
This paper explores the specific determinants of indigenous women’s health status and situation from a gender roles and relations perspective. It will begin by examining the social status and health determinants of indigenous women throughout the Americas, using available data and examples from seven countries (Canada,Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and the United States). The paper will continue with a look at health outcomes among indigenous women, identifying the major causes of morbidity and mortality for selected communities.
Finally, the paper outlines the challenges and opportunities for addressing indigenous women’s health and gender equity in the Americas, using specific case studies and existing best practices to support a comprehensive set of recommendations.