Health Technology Management
Autor(es): CTIF, IAEA
The objective of this publication is to provide practical guidance for those responding within the first few hours of a radiological emergency. This includes the emergency service personnel who would initially respon at the local level and the national officials who would support this early response.
Safety Standards Series No. RS-G-1.5. Radiological Protection for Medical exposure to Ionizing Radiation. Safety Guide.
One of the statutory functions of the IAEA is to establish or adopt standards of safety for the protection of health, life and property in the development and application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, and to provide for the application of these standards to its own operations as well as to assisted operations and, at the request of the parties, to operations under any bilateral or multilateral arrangement, or, at the request of a State, to any of that State’s activities in the field of nuclear energy. Different bodies oversee the development of safety standards. Member States are widely represented on these committees. The IAEA’s safety standards are not legally binding on Member States but may be adopted by them, at their own discretion, for use in national regulations in respect of their own activities. The standards are binding on the IAEA in relation to its own operations and on States in relation to operations assisted by the IAEA.
International Conference on the Radiological Protection of Patients Malaga, Spain 26-30 March 2001 Working Material-Contributed Papers Part I.
To find out how consistent or variable is the understanding and practice of radiation protection procedures for women in the childbearing age at a multispecialty tertiary hospital. A questionnaire was distributed during grand rounds, mid-day clinics and a radiology conference. Questions included which radiation protection rule does the respondent use for females, whether, he or she is familiar with those rules and what is his or her source of reference. Further questions were about the radiation dangers to the fetus. The understanding and practice of radiation protection guidelines for females is inconsistent. There is significant unfamiliarity with the radiation protection rules among our hospital practitioners.
Absorbed Dose Determination in Photon and Electron Beams. An International Code of Practice. Technical Reports Series No. 277
Recognizing the importance of accurate dosage in radiation therapy, the International Atomic Energy Agency initiated a progamme in dosimetry of ionizing radiations soon after its foundation. At that time neither national nor international absorbed dose standards existed, so a transportable absorbed dose calorimeter was designed and built in the Agency’s Laboratory as early as 1960. Being one of the first instruments of its type, this calorimeter was used for making absolute dose measurements and dose intercomparisons with other dose reference instruments. A few years later, the proposal was made to organize a dose intercomparison service by mail for radiations therapy departments.
National Infrastructures for Radiation Safety Towards Effective and Sustain Systems Contributed Papers
The Government of Morocco through the University Mohammed V, Agdal is hosting the conference in Rabat, Morocco, 1-5 September 2003. This book contains contributed papers submitted on pertinent issues, including stakeholder involvement, IAEA Model Projects on Upgrading Radiation Protection Infrastructure, Quality Assurance, education and training, regulatory activities, performance evaluation, source security, and emergency preparedness. The papers were accepted following guidelines established by the Programme Committee. The material in this book has not been edited by the IAEA.
Autor(es): Lloyd, Peter J.
The purpose of this workbook is to set practical exercises that students can work through, responding to specific questions. Above all, the students should feel that they have actually carried out the tasks themselves and will be more confident to teach others and ensure that these exercises continue to be carried out in their respective areas. The topic of this workbook is quality assurance, so all material is designed to assist in the maintenance of the highest quality of work that can be achieved, under the prevailing conditions.
International Conference on the Radiological Protection of Patients Malaga, Spain 26-30 March 2001 Working Material-Contributed Papers Part III.
The biodistribution of radiopharmaceuticals may be modified by drug interaction. Unknowledge of such factor can induce a poor misvisualization of the scintigraphy images, leading to the repetition of the examination, increasing the radiation dose for the patient. We are trying to develop a model to evaluate the influence of drugs on the biodistribution of radiopharmaceuticals. Mitomycin-C is a drug that has been used as a component of many chemotherapeutic regimens. We have studied the effect of mitomycin-C on the biodistribution of the pyrophosphate labeled with technetium-99m. These results can be justified by the metabolic process and/or the therapeutical effect of mitomycin-C and this alteration on the biodistribution of the studied radiopharmaceutical was capable to increase the radiation dose in some organs.
Joint Radiation Emergency Management Plan of the International Organizations. Emergency Preparedness and Response.
This Plan describes arrangements operative from 1 December 2006 and supersedes all previous editions. The 2006 edition incorporates the following main changes over the previous 2004 edition: New participating organizations (IMO, UNSCEAR); their associared legal bases, capabilities in response and preparedness, and integration into the response operations. New incident and emergency preparedness and response structutre at IAEA. Additional clarification of arrangements and response tasks. Updated contact details.
International Conference on the Radiological Protection of Patients Malaga, Spain 26-30 March 2001 Working Material-Contributed Papers Part II.
In the light of a growing awareness of the risks of inducing skin injuries as a consequence of fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures, this paper compares three methods of monitoring entrance surface dose. It also reports measurements of ESDs made during the period August 1998 to June 1999 on 137 patients undergoing cardiac, neurological and general FGIPs. Although the sample is small, the results reinforce the need for routine assessment would seem to be arrays of TLDs. However, transducer based methods, although likely to be less accurate, have considerable advantages in relation to a continuous monitoring programme. It is also suggested that there may be the potential locally for threshold dose area product values to be set for specific procedures. These could be used to provide early warning of the potential for skin injuries.
International Conference on the Radiological Protection of Patients Malaga, Spain 26-30 March 2001 Working Material-Contributed Papers Part V.
The ain of this paper has been to indicate the relevance of the criteria A.S.A.R.A. (As Short As Reasonable Achievable) in the optimization of a fractionated radiotherapy schedule and the presentation of a Windows computer program as an easy tool in order to:
-Evaluate the Biological Equivalent Dose (BED) in a fractionated schedule.
-Make comparison between different treatments.
-Compensate a treatment when a delay has been happened.
-With a version of the Linear Quadratic model that has into account the factors of accelerated repopulation.