Dietary Salt Reduction
Reducing dietary salt is recommended by the recent United Nations Summit to prevent non communicable diseases and the World Health Organization to improve population health. Excess dietary salt increases blood pressure causing approximately 30% of hypertension and is a probable pro carcinogen for gastric cancer and is also associated with kidney stones and osteoporosis.
Where assessed, the salt consumption is more than 5/g day, maximum quantity recommended by WHO. African descent people are particularly susceptible to the adverse blood pressure effects of excess salt. High levels of blood pressure is a contributory factor in at least 40% of all heart disease and stroke which represent 45 % of NCDs. Hypertension is a major health risk in the Americas where between 20-35% of the adult population has elevated blood pressure.
:: Technical Advisory Group
- WHO/PAHO Regional Expert Group for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention through Population-Wide Dietary Salt Reduction Final Report. 2011
- Second Meeting of the Expert Group with Countries and Partners: Reviewing Advances and Planning the Second Phase (10/2011)
- First Meeting of PAHO Expert Group on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention through Dietary Salt Reduction (9/2009)
:: Communication Materials
:: Policy Statement
- Policy Statement: Preventing Cardiovascular Disease in the Americas by Reducing Dietary Salt Intake Population-Wide
- Recomendação para as políticas nacionais: Prevenção das doenças cardiovasculares nas Américas através da redução do consumo de sal para a toda a população (In Portuguese)
- Salt Reduction - List of Endorsements