Micronutrients, generally derived from food intake, are minute amounts of vitamins and minerals required by the body for most all cellular functions. The most common micronutrient deficiencies include Vitamin A, Vitamin D, B12, iron, iodine, and zinc. Micronutrient deficiencies can result in poor ocular health, low birth weight, and can negatively impact the physical and cognitive development of children and increases the risk of adult chronic diseases. Strategies focused on nutrient rich and diverse food intake, fortified foods and vitamin supplementation can help with prevention of micronutrient deficiencies.