The suicide mortality rate in the Region of the Americas has been increasing while decreasing in all other World Health Organization regions; highlighting the urgent need to make suicide prevention a public health priority.
Suicides and suicide attempts have a ripple effect that impacts not only individuals but also families, communities, and societies. Associated risk factors for suicide, such as job or financial loss, trauma or abuse, mental and substance use disorders, and barriers to accessing health care. The sex difference in suicide mortality is a culture-bound phenomenon, meaning that cultural expectations about gender and suicide strongly determine both its existence and magnitude. Furthermore, the COVID‑19 pandemic has worsened the situation by increasing the prevalence of mental health conditions and disrupting essential mental health services. Other humanitarian emergencies, including migration, worsened by the global climate crisis, pose a significant threat to mental health.