The Minamata Convention on Mercury is a global, legally binding treaty, which was adopted in 2013 and entered into force on 16 August 2017. The core of the Convention is protection of human health, as stated in Article 1: “to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds”. Implementation of the Convention requires multisectoral action, including the health sector.
In order to raise awareness about health ministries’ preparedness and outstanding needs to be able to implement the health-related articles of the Convention, WHO reviewed all the 59 MIA reports that had been submitted to the Secretariat of the Convention up to 31 July 2021 as well as two national implementation plans.
This publication summarizes the findings of the review and makes a number of recommendations.