Políticas farmacéuticas

Una política farmacéutica nacional, presentada e impresa como declaración oficial del gobierno, es importante porque constituye un registro formal de aspiraciones, objetivos, decisiones y compromisos. Sin esa clase de documento programático formal quizá no exista un panorama general de lo que se necesita, y en consecuencia podrá ocurrir que algunas medidas gubernamentales entren en colisión con otras, por no haber sido claramente definidas y comprendidas las diferentes metas y responsabilidades.

Hoja informativa
  • Medicines play a major role in protecting, maintaining and restoring people’s health. Continuous provision of appropriate medicines of assured quality, in adequate quantities and at affordable prices is a concern for all national governments. 
  • There is a general need for medicine policies based on universal principles but nevertheless adapted to the national situation of a country, to meet the health needs of different populations.
  •  A national medicines policy (NMP) helps to identify strategies to meet these objectives, as it provides a comprehensive framework for the development of all components of the national pharmaceutical sector with a future perspective of 10 years to adapt to the changing environment, combined with monitoring and periodic reviews 
  • The final content of an NMP will vary among countries, as it is dependent upon cultural and historical factors, including a country’s institutional capacity to regulate and enforce quality assurance, the political values of the government, the level of spending on pharmaceuticals, and economic development
Lo que la OPS hace
  • Urged to support national regulatory authorities so they can benefit from the processes and information for national regulatory authorities of reference 
  • Urged interaction and technical cooperation among countries