Anemia in women and children


Anemia, defined as low levels of hemoglobin in the blood, seriously affects health and it is associated with poor cognitive and motor development in children and work capacity in adults, which influences the economic development of countries. 

Among pregnant women, iron deficiency anemia is also associated with adverse reproductive outcomes such as preterm delivery, low-birth-weight infants, and decreased iron stores for the baby, which may lead to impaired development. Failure to reduce anemia in the Region of the Americas may result in thousands of women experiencing impaired health and quality of life, and may impair children’s development and learning.

This visualization presents estimates of the prevalence of anemia in women of reproductive age by pregnancy status and in children aged 6-59 months. The prevalence of anemia is an indicator of both poor nutrition and poor health.