The International Health Regulations (IHR) require countries to have basic public health capacities for surveillance and response at airports, ports, and designated border crossings.

Since the most likely scenario for the introduction of the Ebola virus in the Region of the Americas would be through international travelers using air transportation, it is recommended to link and establish close coordination mechanisms with civil aviation authorities, airport authorities, and airlines that operate in the country in order to step up and coordinate case detection among travelers, manage contacts, and access information to enable contact tracing. This makes it essential to involve government transportation authorities and immigration authorities at all times.

Personnel at airports and other points of entry must be alert to:

  • the possible introduction of Ebola virus disease (EVD)
  • the need to take correct protective measures, and
  • the need to report to the appropriate authorities.