Canada, the second largest geographical area in the world, is divided into 3 territories and 10 provinces. It is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Group of Seven (G7).

In 2015, the country's population was 35,851,800. In 2011, 16% of the population was 65 years old or older, 18.9% was rural, about 20.6% were immigrants, and 4.3% were aboriginal peoples. Between 2010 and 2012, life expectancy at birth for women was 83.6 years, while for men it was 79.4 years. The population grew 29.9% between 1990 and 2015. While in 1990, the structure was stationary for those under 25 years; in 2015, there was a trend toward aging and a predominantly stationary trend in terms of reduced fertility and mortality.

The economy is the tenth largest worldwide, fueled by Canada's abundant natural resources and trade. In 2013, the per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was US$ 42,780. The country has evolved into a multicultural society with a highly diverse population.

(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)